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PSSA reading

vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
a type or category of literature genre
a story that is not true; it is created in the author's imagination fiction
factual writing that explains, informs or describes (rather than entertains) nonfiction
this type of text includes literary elements and devices normally found in fiction, but it tells about real people, places, or events literary nonfiction
a nonfiction text written to share factual information informational text
the story of another person's life written by another person biography
type of text that tells a story that maybe fiction or nonfiction narrative
a judgment based on a personal point of view bias
a statement that stretches the truth exaggeration
drawing a conclusion after conducting a thorough evaluation analysis
a conclusion based on facts, reasoning, and reading between the lines inference
to make a distinction between two or more things differentiate
to restate something you read or hear by putting it in your own words paraphrase
to retell the most important parts of a text in a much shorter space, and in your own words summerize
to tell how two or more things are different contrast
to tell how two or more things are similar compare
an action or event that leads to an effect cause
this happens as a result of an action, event, or cause effect
the author's reason for writing author's purpose
the author's most important point, usually found in the topic sentence main idea
the center of attention or interest focus
how an author writes, using language to interest the reader in his or her purpose style
a major idea that is the topic of discussion or writing theme
a story's time or place setting
a struggle between characters, forces, or emotions conflict
a story's sequence of events plot
the ending of a story conclusion
tools used by the author to make the story interesting literary devices
conversation between people in a story dialogue
a group of words that begin with the same sound; a tongue twister alliteration
giving human qualities, feelings, or actions to something that is not human personification
language that cannot be taken literally because it was written to create a special feeling figurative language
comparing two unlike things by using words such as like or as simile
vocabulary words that are important to a particular subject area content specific words
words that students are expected to know target words
words that can have several meanings, depending on how they are used in a sentence multiple meaning words
one word that as the same meaning as another word synonym
one word that is the opposite of another word antonym
one or more letters attached to a word to create a different form of the word (prefixes and suffixes) affix
a group of letters placed th the beginning of a word to change its meaning prefix
a group of letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning suffix
a word or phrase in bold print that show the text's topic or theme heading
visual aids within a text graphics
a graphic way of presenting data in the text charts
information from text that reveals the meaning of an unfamiliar word context clues
Created by: lshuey