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8 Sci Ch 5 Test 5

TermDefinition
5000-6000 how many years ago did the Flood probably occur
Archaeopteryx supposed intermediate fossil that shows both reptile and bird characteristics
australopithecine "southern apes"
big bang supposed starting point of cosmic evolution
Cambrian explosion the sudden appearance of life in the fossil record
carbon-14 dating radiometric dating method used on organic materials
catastrophism the idea that one or more catastrophes are primarily responsible for Earth's geological features
coelecanth deep-sea fish thought to be the ancestor of the first amphibians
cranial capacity skull volume for brain
Cuvier scientist who first suggested that many catastrophes have shaped Earth's geological features
Darwin wrote On the Origin of Species
eons, eras, periods and epochs time periods into which evolutionists have divided the geologic column from longest to shortest
evolution the belief that the universe and life originated by natural processes over billions of years
fossils the preserved remains of plants , animals or human in sedimentary rock
geologic column hypothetical time scale that supposedly charts both the earth's history and the sequence of the rock layers in the earth's crust
Homo erectus Java man, "upright man"
Homo habilis chimpanzeelike "missing link" called "handy man"
Homo sapiens Scientific name for humans
index fossil a fossil known to have lived in a particular geologic age that can be used to date the rock layer in which it is found
intermediates another name for transitional forms
Lucy the most famous australopithecine
Lyell geologist who proposed the idea of uniformitarianism
natural selection idea that fittest and strongest of each species are more likely to survive and reproduce than weaker or unfit members of the species
Neanderthal man human "ancestor" who was fully human but probably had rickets
nowhere where in the earth's crust is the geologic column found it its entirety
paleontology study of fossils
Peking man fossil lost during World War II
polystrate A fossil that spans several layers of rock
punctuated equilibrium evolutionary hypothesis that states that new kinds of organisms arise quickly because of rapid genetic changes
Ramapithecus human "ancestor" reconstructed from a few teeth and bone fragments
Seymouria one of the supposed links between amphibians and reptiles
Skull 1470 badly crushed "Homo habilis" skull that scientists found in Kenya
special creation the belief, in accordance with the Book of Genesis, that every species was individually created by God in the form in which it exists today and is not capable of undergoing any change
stasis when an organism shows no change between its appearance in the fossil record and at the present day
theistic evolution one idea that attempts to reconcile the Bible and evolution
Tiktaalik supposed transitional fossil between fish and tetrapods.
unconformity term that refers to the gap formed when continuous strata are missing one of more layers
uniformitarianism false belief that all geological processes have always proceeded at the same rate
uniformity a principle that says that the same scientific laws in operation today have existed throughout the earth's history
zero number of times science can or have made an authoritative statement about the origin of earth
Created by: Mrs_CC
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