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Unit 4 Rocks SG (ES)

Igneous Form when magma or lava cools and crystallizes.
Sedimentary Form where sediment is deposited.
Metamorphic When rocks are exposed to extreme temperatures and pressure or the addition of chemical fluids, ___________ rocks result.
Intrusive The type of igneous rock that forms when magma cools under ground.
Erosion Movement or transportation of pieces of rocks.
Weathering Breaking up of rocks into smaller pieces.
Compaction Compression of rocks together.
Cementation Dissolved minerals crystallize and cement rocks together.
Rock Cycle Describes how Earth's materials and processes form and continuously change rocks.
Lava Molten rock that has erupted onto Earth's surface.
Magma Molten rock below the Earth's Surface.
Foliated The type of metamorphic rock that has parallel layers of flat and elongated minerals. They are a result from an uneven distribution of pressure during metamorphism.
Non-Foliated The type of metamorphic rock that has mineral grains with a random interlocking texture/ no obvious alignment of the mineral crystals.
Rock A mixture of minerals or grains. NOT crystals. Some form near the surface and others are deep in the crust.
Clasts The broken pieces and fragments in sedimentary rocks.
Chemical Rock The type of sedimentary rock that forms when minerals crystallize directly from water.
Biochemical Rock
Organic Rock The type of sedimentary rock that is formed by organisms or contain the remains of organisms.
Clastic Rock The type of sedimentary rock that is made up of broken pieces of rock fragments and minerals.
Contact Metamorphism When magma comes in contact with existing rock, it's thermal energy and gases interact with the surrounding rock.
Regional Metamorphism Formation of metamorphic rock bodies that are hundreds of square kilometers in size. This process can create an entire mountain range of metamorphic rocks.
Uplift A structurally high area in the crust, produced by movements that raise the rocks, as in a broad dome or arch.
Parent Rock The rock that changes during metamorphism.
Kilo Bars
Understand that slow cooling process form large crystals, and fast cooling processes form small crystals.
Explain how each type of rock (Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic) forms.
Identify where each type of rock can be found.
Be able to give several examples for each type of rock.
Use a table to answer questions about rocks.
Extrusive The type of igneous rock that forms when volcanic material erupts, cools, and crystallizes on Earth's surface.
Created by: Ivy Terrell