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STNA words (C,D)

Written words

TermDefinition
Call light The cord with button to call for help from the staff
Cancer A tumor that invades and destroys nearby tissues and can spread to other body parts.
Cane This used to help a person ambulated (walk) with better balance
Cardiac arrest This occurs when the heart stops beating, also call myocardial infarction
Cardiovascular system The system that includes heart and blood vessels, circulation of blood and lymphatics
Care impaired the inability to care for oneself, so the person's care is impaired.
Care plan This plan tells you what you need to do for patients
Care planning The RN will make a care plan base on nursing diagnosis, medical diagnosis, and patient needs.
cast A protective shell to hold a limb in place, for example to help in healing broken bones
cataracts A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye leading to a decrease in vision. It can affect one or both eyes
catheter a tube used to drain or inject fluid through a body opening
catheter care the catheter must be cleaned at least once every shift with soap and water
cc's in an ounce 30cc = 1 ounce. 1cc=1ml
central nervous system central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.
cerebral vascular accident is when poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death. There are two main types of stroke: ischemic, due to lack of blood flow, and hemorrhagic, due to bleeding.
chain of command this chain lets you know who is in charge of which staff member. it starts with STNA on bottom and Director of nursing on top for Nursing department
charge Nurse This Nurse can be an LPN or RN. The charge nurse is over the STNAS, she made the assignment of patients to be done
chemical restraint is a form of medical restraint in which a drug is used to restrict the freedom or movement of a patient or in some cases to sedate a patient.
CHF Abrreviation for congestive heart failure
choking Choking is the mechanical obstruction of the flow of air from the environment into the lungs. Choking prevents breathing, and can be partial or complete,
Chronic Condition that is long lasting, the effects of the disease over time
Circulation Movement of blood throughout the body caused by the pumping of the heart
Circulatory system This system includes heart and blood vessels. It involves the flow of blood and lymphatics veseels
Clarification To make something understandable
Cleaning spills To clean and dry up spills immediately
Clear liquid diet Diet with liquids you can see thru them. Such as broth, tea, water, jello,
Clergy People who are leaders in a religion or perform religion services
Cognitively Impaired The inability to think, understand, learn, and remember . There is impairment in cognitive functions
Cold application The application of cold towels, cold compresses on a body part, to decrease swelling, or pain, or decrease body temperature
Colostomy care The care of cleaning and applying ostomy devices on a colostomy sites
Combative resident The resident is hitting, throwing, physically acting out with others.
Comfort care The care given when a resident is terminally ill, bathing, positioning, skin care, feeding.
Communicable The ability to pass something to another person. Such as a communicable disease, syphillis, measles
Communication The exchange of information by words, written, body languages, gestures
Compensation payment given for doing a job
competency evaluation the evaluation of the your competency (performance) in certain topic, it can be written or skill evaluation. this the title of the STNA program in Ohio. STNA competency evaluation program
conduct the way that a person behaves in a particular place or situation
confidentiality trusting others with personal and private information
conflict a clash between opposing interests or ideas
confused resident a resident that is not oriented to person, place and time. the person may not know their name, where they are located.
congestive heart failure heart failure in which the heart is unable to maintain an adequate circulation of blood in the bodily tissues
constipation The hard passage of hard, dry stool
constriction the narrowing of a opening, narrow body part or vessel
contact isolation isolation procedures to prevent the spread of infection by contact, touching them or object.
contamination the process of becoming unclean
contracture The lack of joint mobility caused by abnormal shortening of a muscle
converting measures changing math types. from cc(ml) to ounces
COPD abbreviation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
cueing to signal a person to do or say something. this is used with bathing, feeding
cultural The characteristics of a group of people and their habits, beliefs, traditions, etc
CVA abbreviation for cerebral vascular accident
Dangling The person sits on side of bed with legs dangling down. This is to gain coordination, and balance before satnding up to ambulation
Data Collection The method of gathering data, you get information by reports, charts, subjective (from resident), objective (what you see, hear, feel, touch)
Death and dying A person that is terminally ill go through the stage of dying and then deAth. The systems of the body are shutting down.
Decubitus ulcer It is a pressure ulcer, they occur on the body part that has been immobile for 4 hours or more. Decubitus ulcer come in stages on 1,2,3, or 4
De-escalation The strategies to prevent, slow down, or stop a escalating event. A event that is getting out of hand
Dehyration Abnormal depletion of body fluids, it happens thru sweat, diarrhea, not eating, fever
Delegation To assign a another person with a duty. lLpNS. RNs can delegate to STNA to perform certain duties
Dementia A progressive condition, where a person can not think rationally, make decisions and etc.
Denial To refuse to believe that something is true. Diagnosis of cancer, but you tell people. "I do not have cancer"
Denture cAre The cleaning, handling, and storage of dentures. Clean with cool water
Dentures A adaptive device to allow a person to eat food after they lose their teeth.
Dependability When a person is reliable, you can count on them. You are dependable to come to work as schedule and on time
Depression A period of sadness,mint can brief or for weeks and months. Not eating, sleeping, bathing or changing clothes
Developmental disability Physical or mental disability that develops after birth , continue thru out life. It limits the person's learning ability, and their ability to take care of self
Development disabilities Mental retardation, Down's syndrome, autism
Development The ability to create something over a period of time. Some conditions or diseases develop over a period of time
Developmental process
Diabetes A disease cause by insulin insufficiency, no insulin produce, or body does not metabolism insulin (insulin resistNce)
Dialysis The process of removing someone blood, cleaning tabloid, the replace the blood back into the body
Diastolic The bottom number in the blood pressure. Period where the heart is relaxed.
Diet A certain meal plan. It can regular or specific diet related to condition. Low salt, no salt, low fat, and etc. diet abetted
Dietitian a specialist in diets, how made one, revise and makes changes. They also educate the resident about the diet
Digestion The process of breaking down food and movement through the stomach and intestine and colon. And the body takes up the right nutrients from the food.
Dilate To become wider and larger
Dirty linen The towels, and bedding is dirty and you put in appropriate place. Extra linen in the patient's room would gone in dirty laundry bin once it is exposed to resident's room.
Discharging resident the resident is in the process of being discharge from facility, they will be leaving the facility with clothes, meds and instructions
Disease An illness that affects a person, animal, or plant : a condition that prevents the body or mind from working normally
Disease Process The process of how the disease develop and grow/effect the body. there are signs and symptoms of the disease as it develops
disinfection to clean (something) especially by using a chemical substance that kills all germs and bacteria
Disoriented the person begins to lose the sense of time, place, or identity
Disposing of contaminated materials how you handle dirty objects/linen and discard them in the trash, sharp container or dirty
disrespect to say or do something that shows a lack of respect for (someone or something)
Dizziness having a whirling sensation in the head with a tendency to fall
DNR abbreviation of Do Not Resuscitation
Documentation the process of writing something in a chart or document. It is held for specific time, It can be used in court. Use black and blue ink, do not erase, or use whit out
Dorsiflexion bending the toes and foot up at the ankle
Dressing The process of putting clothes on the body, if weak side of body, dress it first.
Droplets a small drop of fluid, so small you may not see it. Like in a sneeze, it will travel about 3feet then drop to ground
Drowsy sleepiness. causing you to feel relaxed and ready to sleep
Dry skin the skin looks dry and feels dry to touch caused by not drinking enough fluid. dry skin is sign of dehydration
Dying the person is in the process of dying. the body has decrease pulse, blood pressure and temperature lower.
Dysphagia difficulty of swallowing
Dyspnea difficulty with breathing, labored breathing, shortness of breath
Dysuria difficulty of urination, painful urination