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Musculoskeletal

Loose packed position and closed packed position of joints

JointPosition
Facet (spine) Loose packed - Midway between flexion and extension; Close packed - extension
Temporomandibular Loose packed - Mouth slightly open; Close packed - clenched teeth
Glenohumeral Loose packed - 55 deg abduction, 30 deg horizontal adduction; Close packed - abduction and lateral rotation
AC joint Loose packed - Arm at side; Close packed - arm abducted to 90 deg
SC joint Loose packed - Arm at side; Close packed - maximum shoulder elevation
Ulnohumeral Loose packed - 70 deg flexion, 10 deg supination; Close packed - extension
Radiohumeral Loose packed - Full extension, full supination; Close packed - elbow flexed 90 deg, forearm supinated 5 deg
Proximal radioulnar Loose packed - 70 deg flexion, 35 deg supination; Close packed - 5 deg supination
Distal radioulnar Loose packed - 10 deg supination; Close packed - 5 deg supination
Radiocarpal Loose packed - Neutral w/ slight ulnar deviation; Close packed - extension w/ radial deviation
CMC joint Loose packed - Midway between abduction/adduction and flexion/extension
MCP joint Loose packed - Slight flexion; Closed packed - full flexion (fingers), full opposition (thumb)
IP joint Loose packed - slight flexion; Close packed - full extension
Hip Loose packed - 30 deg flexion, 30 deg abduction, slight lateral rotation; Close packed - Full extension, medial rotation
Knee Loose packed - 25 deg flexion; Close packed - Full extension, lateral rotation of tibia
Talocrural (ankle) Loose packed - 10 deg plantar flexion, midway between maximum inversion and eversion; Close packed - Max dorsiflexion
Subtalar Loose packed - Midway between extremes of range of movement; Close packed - Supination
Midtarsal Loose packed - Midway between extremes of range of movement; Close packed - Supination
Tarsometatarsal Loose packed - Midway between extremes of range of movement; Close packed - Supination
Metatarsophalangeal Loose packed - Neutral; Close packed - Full extension
Interphalangeal Loose packed - Slight flexion; Close packed - Full extension
Created by: glopez111
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