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(Adv. Bio) Ch. 18 Plants & Fungi Review

Plant that produces sex cells Gametophyte
Wet ground made of dead, non-decaying plants Bog
Plant that produces spores Sporophyte
Root-like filament Rhizoid
Underground fern stem Rhizome
Capsule made up of spore cases Sorus
Plant containing vascular tissue Vascular Plant
Plant group including mosses and liverworts Nonvascular Plant
The first plants to grow in new environments Pioneer Species
Waxy layer on stems and leaves Cuticle
Roots, cell walls of cellulose, and having many cells are examples of ________________ characteristics Plant
Plants probably evolved from ____________ Protists
____________ are plants only a few cells thick Bryophytes
___________ plants are plants with vessels Vascular
Nonvascular plants do not have ____________ Leaves
Plants without vascular tissue are ______________ Nonvascular
Plants with vascular tissue are ________________ Ferns
Ferns reproduce by forming ___________ Spores
____________ are seedless vascular plants Horsetails
Ferns to not have ____________ Rhizoids
All plants have a life cycle with _______________ Alternation of Generations
(true/false) All plants are green because of the chlorophyll they contain False
(true/false) Some plants have a variety of different pigments within their cells True
(true/false) Most plants have roots or root-like structures that hold them in the ground True
(true/false) Some plants are capable of growing in extreme environments such as Antarctica or severely dry deserts. True
(true/false) About 285,000 species of plants have been identified True
(true/false) Many plants live on land, but most live in or near the water False
(true/false) Without green plants, life on earth would go on as usual False
_______________ are the red, yellow, and orange pigments found in plastids and in all cyanobacteria. Carotenoids
(true/false) Because most plants decay before they fossilize, the fossil record has to be pieced together with several 'gaps' True
______________ are mutations in an organisms DNA that allow it to better survive in its environment Adaptations
_______________ is a major problem that plants face on land Loss of Water
In ____________, water molecules diffuse through a membrane from higher concentration to lower concentration Osmosis
Organic compound made up of long chains of sugar molecules Cellulose
Some woody plants are made up of up to _______ % cellulose 50
Plants evolved from organisms that reproduced in ____________ Water
___________ plants still need water in order to reproduce Simple
One advantage of living on land is there's more direct sunlight available for __________. Photosynthesis
_________________ is a gas that plants use to produce food Carbon Dioxide
Plants are classified into major groups called ______________ Divisions
Simplest plants - mosses and liverworts - are placed in the division ________________ Bryophyta
Plants in the more complex divisions of the Plant Kingdom have systems containing __________________ Vascular Tissue
Club mosses are placed in the division _______________ Lycophyta
Ferns are placed in the division ______________ Pterophyta
All plants are many-celled and most contain a green pigment called _____________ Chlorophyll
Plants range in size from tiny ___________ to the giant Sequoias Water Ferns
The ending -wort, in liverworts for instance, means ____________ Herb
There are approximately _______________ species of nonvascular plants 20,000
_____________ are the most diverse group of simple plants Ferns
The _____________ stage is the diploid stage in the moss life cycle Sporophyte
The ____________ stage is the haploid stage in the moss life cycle Gametophyte
When the male and female sex cells unite, a ____________ forms Zygote
Mosses also reproduce _____________, when new moss plants develop when a small piece of the parent plant breaks off. Asexually
In vascular plants,like ferns, the sporophyte and gametophyte (do/do not) depend on one another Do Not
In nonvascular plants, like mosses, the sporophyte and gametophyte (do/do not) depend on one another for water and nutrients Do
______________ are often the first species to grow in a new environment or a recently disturbed environment Mosses
The grow of mosses and liverworts begins the _________________ process, slowly turning rocks into new soil. Weathering
Seedless vascular plants differ from other vascular plants because the produce ____________ rather than seeds Spores
__________________ can grow bigger and thicker because each cell gets water and nutrients through vascular tissue. Vascular Plants
There are about 12000 species of ___________ are known Ferns
In the Paleozoic era, some species of horsetails grew ______ meters tall! 15
One species of spike moss, the_____________________, adapted to desert living conditions Resurrection Plant
The process by which petroleum is made takes ___________ of years Millions
Bogs are made up mostly of ___________ and ferns Bryophytes
_______________ is the common name for the Horsetail Equisetum
The leaf of a fern is called a ________ Frond
The gametophyte, ___________, of a fern produces sex cells that unite to from the zygote Prothallus
Ferns have ___________, stems, and roots Leaves
Composes the cell walls of plants Cellulose
All plants are ... Eukaryotes
Scientists think that plants evolved directly from the __________ kingdom Protist
Mosses and liverworts are... Bryophytes
Nonvascular plants lack stems, roots, and _____________ Leaves
Moss plants are held in place by threads made up of only a few long cells called Rhizoids
The first plants to grow in new environments are most often... Mosses
Ferns are the most abundant of the ___________ plants Seedless Vascular
____________ have unique jointed stem structures Horsetails
Peat is actually the earliest stage of _______ Coal
The ______________ is an adaptation to prevent the plant cells from drying out. Cell Wall
Spores are produced by the process of ___________ Meiosis
The threadlike structure produced when a haploid spore lands on wet soil or rocks and germinates is called a ________________ Protonema
The ________________ produces both male and female sex cells Gametophyte
When gametes unite they form a(n) ____________ Zygote
Created by: SavannahElkins
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