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PNF Therapeutic Exercise Descriptions

Agonistic Reversals Controlled mobility, skill: Isotonic concentric contraction performed against resistance followed by alternating concentric and eccentric contractions w/ resistance
Alternating Isometrics Stability: Isometric contractions alternating from muscles on one side of the joint to the other side w/o rest.
Contract-relax Mobility: to increase ROM. A maximal contraction of the antagonistic muscle group is done at the point of limitation in the range.
Hold-relax Mobility: isometric contraction to increase ROM. Contraction is facilitated for all muscle groups at the limiting point in the ROM. When relaxed a new ROM occurs. Used for pt's with pain.
Hold-relax active movement Mobility: To improve initiation of movement; MMT at 1/5 or less; Isometric contraction in a shortened range, when relaxed move into a lengthened position w/ a quick stretch; then return to shortened position through an isotonic contraction
Joint distraction Mobility: Proprioceptive component to increase ROM; Consistent manual traction provided slowly and usually in combination w/ mobilization techniques
Normal timing Skill: To improve coordination of all components of a task; distal to proximal sequence done in components. Repetition of the pattern produces a coordinated movement of all components
Repeated contractions Mobility: To initiate movement and sustain a contraction through the ROM. A quick stretch is followed by isometric or isotonic contractions
Resisted progression Skill: To emphasize coordination of proximal components during gait. Resistance is applied to a joint during the gait cycle in order to enhance coordination, strength, or endurance.
Rhythmic initiation Mobility: to assist in initiating movement when hypertonia exists. let me move you --> help me move you --> move against the resistance
Rhythmical rotation Mobility: to decrease hypertonia by slowly rotating an extremity around the longitudinal axis.
Rhythmic stabilization Mobility, stability: to increase ROM and coordinate isometric contractions; isometric contractions of all mm around a joint against progressive resistance
Slow reversal Stability, controlled mobility, skill: Concentric contractions of agonists and antagonists w/o rest between reversals
Slow reversal hold Stability, controlled mobility, skill: Slow reversals w/ an isometric contraction performed at the end of each movement in order to gain stability
Timing for emphasis Skill: to strengthen the weak component of a motor patter. Isotonic and isometric contractions produce overflow to weak mm.
Created by: glopez111