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Neuro/Psych Pharm

First Aid: Neurology/Psychology Pharmacology

QuestionAnswer
Dopamine agonist used to treat Parkinsons. Bromocriptine
Antibiotic believed to increase dopamine release. Amantidine
Selective MAO-B inhibitor used to treat Parkinson's disease. Selegiline
COMT inhibitors used to treat Parkinson's. Entacapone, tolcapone
5-HT1D agonist used to treat acute migraines and cluster headaches contraindicated in patients with CAD Prinzmetal's angina. Sumatriptan; may cause coronary vasospasm
This drug increases sodium channel inactivation and is the first line for both grand mal seizures and prophylaxis of status epilepticus. Phenytoin (Carbamazepine has same mechanism and is first line for grand mal, but not status, is first line however for trigeminal neuralgia)
Anti-epileptic that increases GABA release, also used to treat peripheral neuropathy. Gabapentin
First line anti-epileptic for grand mal seizures that has both increased inactivation of sodium channels and increased GABA concentration. Valproic acid
Used to treat absence seizures, this drug blocks thalamic T-type calcium channels. Ethosuximide
1st line anti-epileptic for pregnant women and children. Phenobarbitol; increased GABA action
Anti-epileptic that can cause a SLE-like syndrome. Phenytoin
Sedative for anxiety and seizures that is contraindicated in porphyria. Barbiturates
PCP analog anasthetic that can cause hallucinations. Ketamine
Local anesthetic that blocks sodium channels. Cocaine, procaine
Used in the treatment of malignant hyperthermia secondary to inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine. Dantrolene
This drug is used for anorexia and bulimia. SSRIs (fluoxetine, sertraline, paroxetine)
Drugs used to treat anxiety. Barbiturates, benzodiazepines, buspirone, and MAO inhibitors
Drug used to treat atypical depression. MAO inhibitors (Phenelzine, trancylpromine)
Antidepressant which is also used to treat smoking cessation. Buproprion
Drugs used to treat bipolar disorder. Lithium, valproic acid, and carbamazepines
Drugs used to treat depression. SSRI's (fluoxetine, setraline, paroxetine) and TCA's (Imipramine, desipramine, nortriptyline, clomipramine)
Block reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin. TCA's (Imipramine, desipramine, nortriptyline)
First and most widely used SNRI antidepressant. Venlafaxine
Alpha2-antagonist which increases release of norepinephrine and serotonin. Used to treat depression. Mirtazapine
Drugs used to treat OCD. SSRI's (fluoxetine, setraline, paroxetine)
What are the side effects of SSRI's? Sexual dysfunction (anorgasmia); "serotonin syndrome" with MAO inhibitors (hypothermia, muscle rigidity, CV collapse)
Side effects of this antidepressant include, convulsions, coma, and cardiotoxicity. TCA's (tri-C's: coma, convulsions, cardiotoxic)
Anxiolytic which does not cause sedation or addiction and does not interact with alcohol. Buspirone
This drug can cause nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Lithium; ADH antagonist
Antipsychotic that blocks serotonin and dopamine receptors. Atypical antipsychotics; Clozapine, olanzapine, rispiridone (treats schizophrenia)
Antipsychotic that blocks dopamine D2 receptors. Thioridazine, haloperidol, fluphenazine
Side effects of dopamine D2 receptor blockers. akinesia (can't initate mvmnt.), akathisia (can't remain motionless), tardive dyskinesia (repetitive involuntary mvmnt.)
Drugs used to treat panic disorder. TCA's and buspirone
Created by: rahjohnson