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Vital Signs

Nurse Aide

TermDefinition
apical pulse pulse on the left side of the chest, just below the nipple
apnea absence of breathing
BPM medical abbreviation for beats per minute
brachial pulse pulse inside the elbow, about 1 to 1 1/2 inches above the elbow
Cheyne-Stokes respiration type of respiration with periods of apnea lasting at least 10 seconds. along with alternating periods of slow, irregular respirations and rapid, shallow respiration
diastolic second measurement of blood-pressure . phase when the heart relaxes
dilate to widen
dyspnea difficulty breathing
eupnea normal respirations
hypertension high blood pressure , measuring 140/90 or higher
hypotension low blood pressure , measuring 100/60 or lower,
orthopnea shortness of breath when lying down that is relived by sitting up
orthostatic hypotension a sudden drop on blood pressure that occurs when a person stands or sits up, also called postural hypotension
prehypertension condition in which a person has a systolic measurement of 120-139 mm Hg and a diastolic measurement of 80-89 mm Hg. indicator that the person is likely to have high blood pressure in the future
radial pulse the pulse on the inside of the wrist, where the radial artery runs just beneath the skin
sphygmomanometer a device that measures blood pressure
stethoscope an instrument used to hear sounds in the human body, such as the heartbeat or pulse , breathing sounds, or bowel sounds
systolic first measurement of blood pressure, phase when the heart is at work, contracting and pushing blood out of the left ventricle
tachycardia a fast heartbeat over 100 beats per minute
tachypnea rapid respirations - over 20 breaths per minute
thermometer a device used for measuring the degree of heat or cold
vital signs measurements , body temperature,pulse,respirations , blood pressure, and pain level that monitor the function of the vital organs of the body
BP, B/P blood pressure
hypotherma condition in which body temperatures drops below the level required for normal functioning , severe sub-normal body temperature
bradycardia a slow heart rate under 60 beats per minute
Created by: jaay24