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Urinary

Urinary elimination key words

TermDefinition
Autonomic bladder Bladder no longer controlled by the brain because of injury or disease; void by reflex only.
Bacteriuria Condition that occurs when bacteria enter the bladder during catherization, or when organisms migrate up the catheter lumen or urethra into the bladder; bacteria in the urine.
Continent urinary reservoir A surgical alternative that uses a section of the intestine to create an internal reservoir that holds urine, with the creation of a catheterizable stoma.
Cutaneous ureterostomy A type of incontinent cutaneous urinary diversion in which the ureters are directed through the abdominal wall and attached to an opening in the skin.
Enuresis Involuntary urination; most often used to refer to a child who involuntary urinates during the night.
External condom catheter Soft, pliable sheath made of silicone material applied externally to the penis.
Functional incontinence State in which a person experiences an involuntary, unpredictable passage of urine.
Hematuria Blood in the urine; if present in large enough quantities, urine may be bright red or reddish brown.
Ileal conduit Urinary diversion in which the ureters are connected to the ileum with a stoma created in the abdominal wall.
Indwelling urethral catheter Catheter that remains in place for continuous urine drainage; synonym for Foley catheter.
Intermittent urethral catheter Straight catheter used to drain the bladder for short periods (5-10 minutes).
Kegal Exercises Repetitious contraction and relaxation of the pubococcygeal muscle to improve vaginal tone and urinary continence.
Micturition Process of emptying the bladder; urination; voiding.
Mixed incontinence Symptoms of urge and stress incontinence are present, although one type may predominate.
Nephrotoxic Capable of causing kidney damage.
Nocturia Excessive urination during the night.
Overflow incontinence Involuntary loss of urine associated with overdistention and overflow of the bladder.
Postvoid residual (PVR) Urine that remains in the bladder after the act of micturition; a synonym of residual urine.
Reflex incontinence Emptying the bladder without the sensation of the need to void.
Specific gravity A characteristic of urine that can be determined with manufactured plastic strips or an instrument called a urinometer or hydrometer.
Stress incontinence State in which the person experiences a loss of urine of less than 50 mL that occurs with increased abdominal pressure.
Suprapubic catheter Catheter inserted into the bladder through a small abdominal incision above the pubic area.
Total incontinence Continuous and unpredictable loss of urine, resulting from surgery, trauma or physical malformation.
Transient incontinence Occurrence that appears suddenly and lasts for 6 months or less and usually is caused by treatable factors, such as confusion secondary to acute illness, infection and as a result of medical treatment, such as the use of diuretics or IV administration
Urge incontinence State in which a person experiences involuntary passage of urine that occurs soon after a strong sense of urgency to void.
Urinary retention Inability to void although urine is produced by the kidneys and enters the bladder; excessive storage of urine in the bladder.
Urination Process of emptying the bladder; micturition; voiding
Voiding Processing of emptying the bladder; also called micturition or urination.
Created by: morgancoady