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Vital Signs

TermDefinition
apical pulse the pulse on the left side of the chest, just below the nipple
apnea the absence of breathing
BPM the medical abbreviation for " beats per minute "
brachial pulse the pulse inside the elbow; about 1 to 1 1/2 inches above the elbow
bradycardia a slow heart rate--- under 60 beats per minute
Cheyne-Stokes respiration type of respiration with periods of apnea lasting at least 10 seconds, along with alternating periods of slow, irregular respirations and rapid, shallow respirations
Diastolic second measurement of blood pressure; phase when the heart relaxes
Dilate to widen
dyspnea difficulty breathing
eupnea normal respirations
hypertension high blood pressure, measuring 140/90 or higher
hypotension low blood pressure, measuring 100/60 or lower
hypothermia a condition in which body temperature drops below the level required for normal functioning; serve sub-normal body temperature
orthopnea shortness of breath when lying down that is relieved by sitting up
orthostatic hypotension a sudden drop in blood pressure that occurs when a person stands or sits up; also called postural hypotension
prehypertension a condition in which person has systolic measurement of 120-139 mm HG and diastolic measurement of 120-139 mm Hg; indicator that the person is likely to have high blood pressure in the future, even though he or she does not have it now
radial pulse the pulse on the inside of the wrist, where the radial artery run just beneath the skin
sphygmomanometer a device that measures blood pressure
stethoscope an instrument used to hear sounds in the human body, such as the heartbeat or pulse, breathing sounds, or bowel sounds
systolic first measurement of blood pressure ; phase when the is heart is at work , contracting and pushing blood out of the left ventricle
tachycardia a fast hearbeat---over 100 beats per minute
thermometer a device used for measuring the degree of heat and cold
Vital signs measurement ( body tem. pulse, respiration, blood pressure,and pain level) that monitor the function of the vital organ of the body
BP,B/P blood pressure
Tachypnea rapid respiration-over 20 breaths per minute
Created by: hcps-horsleyld2