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The Comp. of Life

TermDefinition
Carbohydrate an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen: used as a source of energy and gives structure to some types of cells
Monosaccarides simple sugar
Polysaccarides a polymer of sugar, meaning a long chain of sugar molecules chemically linked together
Starch polysaccaride made by plants to store energy
Cellulose a polysaccharide used in cell walls of plants to give cells structural support
Glyvogen a polysaccharide made by animals cells to store energy short term
Lipids organic molecules made up of carbon,hydrogen, and oxygen but unlike carbohydtates thaey will not dissolve in water
Fat a type of lip used to store enery and as a source of fatty acids
Saturated fat fat that has all slngle carbon-to-carbon bonds an dthe maximum number of hyrdogens attached to each carbon
Monounsaturated fat a fat that has one doulbe carbon-tocarbon bond
Polyunsaturated fat a fat that has more than one doulbe carbon-to-carbon bond
Essential fatty acid fatty acids that cannot be producaed by the body byt myst be eaten; omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids are essential fatty acids for humans
Phospholipid a type of lipid that helps to make up cell membranes
Steriod a type of lipid that can be present in cell membranes or can make up certain hormones
Cholesterol a type of steriod used in cell membranes and also used to make steriod hormones
Wax a type of lipid that is usde to waterproof leaves,skin, feathers, etc
Proteins an organic molecule with many improtant functions; the main structuarl componet of muscle skin bone
Amino acids organic molecules that are building blocks of protein
Nitrogen an aelement found in amino acids and proteins but is NOT found in carbohyrdates or fats
Peptide bond the covalent bond between the amino acids in a protein
Nucleic acid an organic molecule that contains catbon bydtrogen oxygen nirtogen and phosphrus an dmakes upRNA and DNA
Nucleotide molecule that contains a sugar a phopshate goroup an da nitygeon base that links tohrther form RNA and DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid a nucleic acid molecule in the shape of a dulbe helic that contains deo sugar and that stores gentic information
Ribonucleic acid a nuclei cacid molecule that contains robose suger
Double helix the spahe similar to twisted ladder of a DNA molecule
Enzyne a bioloica catalyst that enable schemica reactions to take place in the body
Substrate subsgance that is vhanged bu an enzyme
Active site the part of an enzyme that attaches to a a substrate
Created by: taylivsmith