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Ecosystems

TermDefinition
ecosystem A place where living and nonliving things interact together.
biome The large area where different plants and animals live (many ecosystems).
organism Any living thing.
biotic Living parts in an environment.
abiotic Nonliving parts of an environment.
mutualism A relationship in which both organisms benefit
producer Organisms that make their own food. Example: plants
consumer Organisms that cannot make their own food so they need to eat. Example: animals
food chain The relationship between organisms in an ecosystem that explains how nutrients and energy are passed between those organisms
food web A combination of many food chains.
autotroph An organism that makes its own food
herbivore Animals that eat only plants.
omnivore Animals that eat both plants and animals.
carnivore Animals that eats only animals (meat eater).
migration Animals travel to other places where the weather is warmer or they can find food.
hibernation A very deep sleep. The animal's body temperature drops, and its heartbeat and breathing slow down.
decomposer They break down the unused dead material and turn them into nutrients in the soil, which plants use to grow
adaptation A change animals make to survive in their environment.
heterotroph An organism that has to find its own food
commensalism A relationship where one organism benefits and the other is not affected
detritus The dead and decaying matter of plants and animals at the bottom of a pond
community All the living organisms in an area (all the populations)
population A group of organisms of the same species
succession The life cycle, or the gradual change over time that a pond goes through
decomposer An organism that breaks down organic matter
cyst The protective covering of a microorganism that protects it until suitable conditions are met
Created by: ecassell
 

 



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