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Animal Nursing

Final exam vocab

Reagent Substance that produces a chemical reaction.
Pulmonary Edema Excessive fluid in the lungs
Septicemia Disease causing bacteria in the bloodstream
Ringer's solution Sterile solution of sodium chloride, potassium chloride, and calcium chloride in purified water.
Ramus Vertical, elongated extension, as of the mandible.
Rate of fluid administration in drops per minute In fluid administration, the desired ml per hour divided by the drop factor.
Scapula Shoulder blade
thrombophlebitis Phlebitis-associated formation of blood clots.
Streak canal The duct that runs from a ruminants lactating sinus to its exterior.
Sciatic nerve Longest, widest nerve in the body. It extends down the thigh and into the lower leg and foot.
sterilization The complete destruction of living organisms.
stopcock A valve that regulates the flow of fluid through a tube.
Stanchion A device that fits around an animals neck and prevents forward and backward movement.
Through the needle catheter A catheter enclosing the plastic catheter within the scented of the needle.
Stroma Tissue framework
venipuncture The puncture of a vein
Urethral papilla A slight elevation in the vestibule of the vagina at the external orifice of the urethra.
Tonometry Measurement of tension or pressure
Tomcat catheter A semi-rigid plastic (polypropylene) catheter that can be used in felines of either sex.
Winged catheter A catheter with plastic wings at the needle hub and intravenous tubing extending 8 to 12 inches from the hub.
Urinary catheters Tubes inserted into the bladder to drain urine.
Toxic mastitis A form of mastitis whose symptoms include fever, depression, appetite loss, recumbency, and death.
Tonometer A device for measuring tension of pressure.
buttress site where the bar meets the hoof wall.
bisacodyl An oral laxative compound that acts upon the colons mucosa and nerve network.
Anal sacs Paired structures, about 1cm in diameter, that lie between the internal and external anal sphincter muscles on either side of the anal canal.
agglutination The clumping of red blood cells.
cerumen Earwax
bar Ridge separating the frog and the sole that helps the heel to spread.
alveolar Pertaining to a tooth socket
Burrow's solution A solution of one part aluminum acetate to 40 parts water that provides the appropriate astringency for keeping decubital sores dry.
Dental prophylaxis The management and prevention of periodontal disease.
cerumenolytic Wax-softening
Colostrum A thick, yellow mammary secretion rich in maternal antibodies.
curette A spoon-shaped instrument for cleansing a diseased surface.
dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, diotyl calcium sulfosuccinate Laxatives that act as detergents to alter surface tension of liquids, helping water and fat to mix and feces to emulsify and soften.
Dental calculus Calcium phosphate and carbonate, with organic matter, deposited on tooth surfaces; also known as tartar.
Contracture Abnormal shortenings of muscle tissue.
chylous effusion A milky combination of lymph components and emulsified fat.
erythema Redness of the skin caused by congestion of the capillaries in its lower layers.
Distal esophagus The part of the esophagus from the heart to the diaphragm.
endocarditis Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
effleurage Stroking massage
Exudate Any foreign substance deposited in or on tissue by a disease process.
Egress valve A valve designed for pumping substances out of the body.
epithelialization Healing by growth of the epithelium over denuded (eroded) area.
dyspnea Difficult or labored respiration
frog Triangular mass of elastic horn located toward the back of a horses hoof.
Heel bulb Softer, rounded structure of tissue located at the back of the heel.
Mastitis Inflammation of the mammary gland.
nasoesphageal tube A small-diameter, softer plastic or rubber tube used in nasogastric intubation.
Medial Toward the midline.
Milking parlor A room used to milk cows.
Manual expression Physical pressure applied to the bladder to stimulate urination
paralumbar fossa The area just behind and at the top of the left ribs.
Over the needle catheter A needle-stylet combination with a needle bevel that extends beyond the length of the plastic catheters.
Neutrophils The chief phagocytic white blood cells of the blood.
Nasogastric intubation The passing of a small diameter, soft plastic or rubber tube into the stomach through the nostril and nasal passage.
paralumbar region Area besides the lumbar region, which is the area on the back between the chest and the pelvis.
Packed cell volume The percentage of the volume of whole, unclotted blood occupied by the red blood cells in milliliters per 100ml of blood.
occluding Blocking the flow of
Necrotic Dead
Physiologic Conforming to the normal function of the body.
perivascular bleeding Bleeding around any channel in the body that carries fluid or blood.
Peripheral edema Fluid collecting under the skin
Patency Accessibility or openness
Precipitate Solid particles that settle out of a solution
phlebitis Inflammation of a vein
Peritonitis Inflammation of the membranes lining the abdominal cavity
perineum The area around the anus and Vulva
Scalding Irritation of the skin caused by frequent wetting with urine
Gingival sulcus The groove between the surface of the tooth and the epithelium lining the free gingiva.
Farriers Persons skilled in the techniques of making, fitting, and remodeling horseshoes
horn A fibrous material made of the protein Keratin
Gingivitis Gum inflammation
Gait Manner of walking
Fecal impaction Constipation
hyperphosphatemia Excess phosphates in the blood
hydrostatic pressure The pressure exerted by a stationary fluid
Heimlich valve A commercial one way egress valve
Hemostasis Bleeding control
hypocalcemia Abnormally low serum calcium levels.
hypernatremia Excess sodium in the blood
Hemolysis The breaking up of red blood cells
Hoof wall Outermost layers of tough horn that protect and retain moisture in the foot.
Laminitis Inflammation of the laminae that could result in lameness if not treated.
Lactulose A synthetic disaccharide of galactose and fructose that intestinal bacteria metabolize into organic acids that promote an osmotic diarrhea of feces.
hypovolemia Abnormally decreased volume of circulating fluid (plasma) in the body
meconium The yellow-orange mucilaginous material that constitutes a newborn foals first stool.
multivalent vaccine A vaccine containing more than one infectious agent component
laryngotracheal aspiration Inhalation of oral, pharyngeal, or gastric contents
Laminae Plates of tissue that attach the hoof to the fleshy part of the horse's foot.
petrissage Kneading or compression message
Neuromas Nerve tumors
Periodontal Pertaining to the tissues around a tooth below the gum
periople The layer of soft, light-colored horn which covers the coronary border of the hoof.
otitis externa External ear inflammation
periodontitis An inflammatory reaction of the tissues surrounding a tooth below the gums
Permanent tracheostomy An opening in the ventral tracheal wall created by suturing the tracheal lining to the surrounding skin.
pharyngostomy tube A tube passed through the pharynx, down the esophagus, and into the stomach
Sternal recumbency Setting upright and resting on the chest bone.
Subcutaneous emphysema Free air trapped under the skin
Second intention When a gaping would fills with granulation tissue and is then covered from the sides with epithelium.
pharyngostomy A surgical opening of the pharynx from the side of the face
subgingival Below the gum line.
sole Concave plate of flaky horn that covers most of the bottom surface of the hoof and protects the inside structures of the foot
Stripping A procedure that restores suction with a burst of negative pressure.
Scaler Any of several devices used to scrape tartar.
supernatant The liquid overlying blood cells after they're washed
Supragingival Above the gum line
transudate A clear, waterlike, acellular fluid
thrush A bacterial infection of the frog.
Tracheostomy A temporary measure to keep the tracheal lumen available for inspection
Tube thoracostomy Surgical placement of a tube in the chest cavity
Teat dip A commercial antiseptic product designed specifically for containment of mastitis
Suppurative effusion Pus
Tympanic membrane Eardrum
White line Inside edge of the hoof wall where it joins with the sole.
Tube thoracostomy Surgical placement of a tube in the chest cavity
urticaria Hives
Aseptic Free from infection; sterile
Balling gun A device consisting of a short cylinder sufficiently large enough to contain the average bolus, a hollow stem containing the rod that connects the handle with the plunger in the cylinder, and the handle.
Autoclave A sterilizer that employs steam under pressure as its sterilizing agent
applanation tonometry Measuring tension or pressure in the eye using the force necessary to flatten a constant area.
Bolus A rounded mass of food or pharmaceutical preparation ready to be swallowed, or such a mass passing through the gastrointestinal tract.
Axillary Pertaining to the armpit
Ascites Accumulation of free fluid in the abdominal cavity
Antiseptic Agents that destroy most organisms but can be used on intact skin.
Croup Area above the base of the tail
Colic Severe, recurring pain in the colon often caused by disease of infection
Central venous pressure The amount of blood pressure in the vein and right side of the heart
bromcresol purple A pH indicator of CMT reagent
decubital sores Bed sores
Covers Mating's
Cold gangrene Blue discoloration of one or more quarters
burette A glass tube with a capacity of the order of 25 to 100ml, with stopcock attachment
Ethylene oxide A simple cyclic ether sometimes used for gaseous sterilization
Endometrial cytology The study of cells in the endometrium
drop factor In fluid administration, the number 60 divided by drops per ml of the administration set to be used.
Digital tonometry Measuring tension or pressure in the eye with the fingers
Extracellular Lying outside the cells
endometrium The membrane lining the uterus
Endometrial biopsy Removal and examination of tissue from the endometrium
Disinfectants Agents that destroy disease producing microorganisms or inactivate viruses
Guarded culture rods Culture rods shielded from the passages they go through
Foley catheter A catheter with a bulb at the end that fills with air or fluid to keep the tip of the catheter in the bladder.
flank Area on the side of an animal between the ribs and the hip bone
farrowing crate Cage large enough to hold a swine, but too narrow to allow it to turn around.
Hand pilling Putting a tablet or capsule in an animals mouth in a way that makes the animal swallow it.
Gastric gavage Stomach tube feeding
Fluid administration set Collection of vessels that give a choice of fluid drip rates
Fibrosis Formation of fibrous tissue
keratoconjunctivitis sicca Dry eye syndrome
Intravenous indwelling catheter A catheter that remains in a peripheral vein for the duration of treatment
intraosseous Within the long bone center
Hydrotherapy External use of water to treat an injury or disease
Lumen A cavity or channel within an organ
Isotonic Equal in electrolyte concentration (literally of equal tension)
intraperitoneal Within the abdominal cavity
Indentation tonometry Measuring tension or pressure in the eye using an instrument called a Schiotz tonometer to measure the indentation of the cornea
Manometer An instrument for ascertaining the pressure of liquids of gases
minidrip or microdrip A fluid administration set that provides 60 drops/ml
Metabolic cage A cage on a wire platform over a solid floor that slopes to a central funnel.
Created by: Ms. Melanie