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Nutrition review

nutrition review( medix college)

TermDefinition
Metabolic disorder A condition characterized by the body's inability to synthesize or process food into forms the body can use for energy, growth, and development
Hiatus hernia a condition in which the upper part of the stomach, which is joined to the esophagus or feeding tube moves up into the chest through a hole in the disphgram
Bard button a feeding device placed permanently in the stomach to facilitate supplement feedings
Gastromy tube G-tube a feeding tube inserted through and incision in the abdomen into the stomach
Jejunostomy J-tube a feeding tube placed through the abdominal wall into the small bowel
PEG tube a feeding tube inserted via endoscopy into the stomach or jejunum
Nasogastric tube a feeding tube put through the nose into the stomach
Fluid retention an accumulation if fluid in body tissue or body cavities
Enteral feed feeding tube directly into the GI system
Gastric suction gentle suction applied to a tube placed in the stomach to remove excess secretion that tend to accumulate in the stomach after surgery or trauma because intestine is sluggish this can prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting
Metabolic rate the amount of energy expended in a given period or the amount of physical changes that occurin the body that result in heat production.Age,gender,lifestyle, envir. contributing factors
Bowel Sounds Present BSP the audible return or GI movement or function. often refered to as BSx4 meaning audible in all 4 quadrants
Metabolism they physiological and biochemical processes that promote growth and sustain life
Cardiac Diet -patients with or have heart disease -low fat, low cholesterol, restricted salt and calories
Diabetic diet -Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder -prescribed # of calories, fats, carbohydrates,and protein -plans 1200 CDA or 1400 CDA -may have snacks throughout day
Gluten-free diet -Celiac disease involves atrophy of the mucosa of the upper small intestine -Elimination completely of gluten
High protein diet -ordered for patients who need to gain weight or need to repair tissue
High calorie diet -Ordered for clients who have had excessive weight loss from an illness or who cannot reach or maintain a healthy weight often includes supplements
No added salt/NAS diet -ordered for patients who have problems with fluid retention or congestive heart failure
Progressive diet -Introduces food in stages -ordered after major surgery or trauma involving GI system
Pureed diet -Ordered for clients who cannot eat or swallow(dysphagia) -food is ground to a silky texture
When would a TPN feed be ordered? -Ordered for extremely malnourished, preparing for sugery, receiving radiation or chemotherapy, unable to eat, major surgery, severe burns, or multiple fractures, in a prolonged coma, severe anorexia, severe inflamed bowels, or are terminally ill
What does NPO mean? When would you post an NPO sign? -NPO means nothing by mouth 8-12 hrs -Fasting blood sugar or for a blood test for cholesterol and triglcerides
Activity effects -people who are unable to be active due to illness or injury need less calories -individuals at the hospital are not active
Age effects -Metabolic rate usually slows with age -Children have higher metabolic rate then adults due to growth
Gender effects -men need more calories then woman -hormones also play a role in metabolic rates
illness -Fever,trauma, and surgery will raise a person's metabolic rate -extra calories/protein are needed to promote tissue repair
Pregnancy -Metabolic rate increases to meet requirements for fetal growth
How many grain products should an adult eat in a day? 6-8
How many food groups are there? 4
what is the "other" food group? oils/fats
Created by: Baszyl03