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SCIENCE

SOLAR SYSTEM / CYCLES & PATTERNS IN SPACE (Chapter 1 & 2)

TermDefinition
axis an imaginary line through the center of an object
constellation a group of stars that forms a pattern shaped like an animal, person, or object
Crescent Moon the phase of the Moon when a thin part of the Moon's near side is sunlit
equator an imaginary line that circles the Earth halfway between the North and South Poles
Full Moon the phase of the Moon when all of the Moon's near side is sunlit
New Moon the phase of the Moon when the Moon's near side appears totally dark
phases of the Moon the different ways the Moon looks throughout the month
Quarter Moon the phase of the Moon when half of the Moon's near side is sunlit
rotate/spin to turn on an axis or to move about a fixed point
season one of four parts of the year - spring, summer, fall, and winter. (changes due to Earth's revolution around the Sun)
star a ball of hot gases that gives off light and other forms of energy
Waning Moon the phases of the Moon when a decreasing amount of the Moon's near side is sunlit
Waxing Moon the phases of the Moon when an increasing amount of the Moon's near side is sunlit
gas giant a very large planet made up mostly of gases
inner planets smallest planets in our solar system, they are closest to the Sun and include Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars -- made of rock
magnify to make an object appear larger
moon a small, rounded body in orbit around a planet
orbit/revolve to move in a path around something
outer planets largest planets in our solar system, they are farthest away from the Sun and include Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune -- made of gas (Gas Giants) and they ALL have rings
planet a large body of rock or gas that orbits around a star
solar system the Sun and planets, their moons, and other objects that orbit the Sun
space probe craft that travels into space with instruments, but not people -- they carry cameras, lab equipment, and other tools to take pictures and collect data of space
Sun nearest star to Earth
telescope a tool used that makes distant objects appear larger, brighter and sharper
Created by: edonahue22
 

 



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