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Hort. Final 1

QuestionAnswer
Pollination The transfer of pollen from a male reproduction structure to a female reproductive structure
Guard Cells Cells that control the opening and closing of stomata
Complete flower Contains both the stamen (male) and pistil (female) parts
Epidermis The skin of the leaf
Pistil The female reproductive part of a flower that produces seeds and consists of an ovary, style, and sigma
Midrib The vein in the center of a leaf
Phloem The vascular tissue through which food moves in some plants
Oxidation Combining oxygen with any substance
Clorophyll Green that gives leaves their color from photosynthesis
Petals Attractive part of the flower
Veins Form the structure framework
Style Tubes that lead to the ovary
Stigma Sticky part on the top to catch pollen
Anther Pollen producing structure located at the tip of a flower's stamen male sex cell Petiole
The slender stem that supports the blade of a leaf Petiole
Stamen The pollen producing male reproductive organ of a flower, consisting of an anther and filament
Dicot Two cotyledons or seed leaves
Tap Root Primary root found in some plants that grows longer and thicker than other roots
Margins Outside of the leaf
Roots Anchor, absorb water and mineral, store, reproduce
Node Point on a stem where a leaf is attached
Internode A segment of a stem between two nodes
Vascular bundles Plant stem structure that contains xylem and phloem tissue
Cotyledon First leaf or first pair of leaves produced by the embryo of a seed plant
Transpiration Loss of water from a plant through its leaves
Respiration Consume oxygen and give off carbon dioxide
Terminal bud Found at the very tip of the plant
Photosynthesis Process by which plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars
Incomplete flower Sepals, pistil, and stamen are present, missing are the petals
Xylem Vascular tissue that carries water upward from the roots to every part of a plant
List 5 parts of the external leaf structure Petiole, blade, veins, midrib, margins
List the 3 forms that food is stored Sugar, starch, protein
List the 2 main functions of the stem Move water and minerals, support the leaves and reproduction structures
List 4 main parts of a complete flower Sepal, petals, stamens, pistil
List the 2 most important things humans receive from plants Oxygen, food
List 3 main things xylem does Supports the plant, carried water and minerals up
Function of chloroplast Make food
What does a fertilizes egg from the ovary grow into? Fruit or seed
Seedling A young plant
Egg Female element of sexual form of propagation
Tissue culture Method for reproducing plants using terminal bud tissue
Flat box with slotted bottom used to start seedlings
Endosperm Part of the inside of a plant that is the seed's food sources
Seed coat The outer covering of a seed
Enhanced Improve the product
Hybrid Offspring of 2 different varieties of plants
Pollen Male sex cells
Cotyledons First leaves to appear on a plant, the seed leaves
Hardening off Gradually subjecting plants to more difficult growing conditions by withholding water and decreasing temperature: prepares plats for transplanting
Propagation Increasing the number
Embryo New plant
Come true to seed When plants reproduce exact duplicates of themselves
Vermiculite Expanded mica
Jiffy mix Equal parts shredded sphagnum moss peat, fine grade vermiculite
Sphagnum Sterile and light weight, controls disease well
Peat moss Partially decomposed vegetation that has preserved under water
Perlite A white granular material used to help loosen or open up spaces in rooting media for aeration
Sand More porous, more drainage
Soil 1/3 clay, 1/2 silt, 1/3 sand
List and define the three basic parts of a seed Seed coat-outside covering, endosperm-food storage, embryo-new plant
Best temperature for germinating seed 65 to70 degrees
Why harden off plants? Prepare plant for transplanting, prepare the plant for move outside
Layering Asexual reproduction in which roots developed on the stem of a plant while still attached to the parent plant
What modern development has greatly increased the success rate of air layering Polyethylene film
Lists six types of layering air, trench, stool, compound tip, simple
Girdle completely removing bark and cambium
Two functions of the landscaping industry Improve our natural environment, meet the needs and desires of the homeowner
List 3 major professions in the landscaping industry Landscape architect, landscape designer, landscape contractor
Landscape architect Highly educated 4-5 years in art and science courses
Landscape designer Highly educated graphic artist
Landscape contractor Installs landscaping
Objectives of residential landscaping Serve the needs and desires of the homeowner, determine the capabilities of the site
Two subjects areas integrated to make landscaping Art and science
Five basic principles of landscaping Simplicity, balance, focalization of interest rhythm and line, scale and proportion
Simplicity fewer different objects there are the simpler the design
Balance Visual weight between left and right symmetry, can be symmetrical or asymmetrical
Focalization of interest One feature in the landscaping is more important, use line an rhythm to guide the eye to one important item in the landscape
Rhythm and line Over all unity
Scale and proportion All elements in proportion
Formula to calculate cubic feet Length in feet times width in feet times depth in feet divided by the number of cubic feet/ cubic yards # ft. X # width X depth / # of cubic feet
Xeriscape Dry landscaping: used to conserve water
Acer Maple
Family Similar flower structures
Pelargonium Geranium
Genera Plural of genus
Betula Birch
Papaver Poppy
Chrysanthemum Mum
Field Capacity Water left after capillary movement stops,
Most important type of water for plants Field Capacity
What is the pH scale? An indicator that tells if the soil is acidic or alkaline
What do the number mean on the pH scale? When the number is below 7, the soil is acidic; when the number is above 7, the soil is alkaline; when the number is at 7, the soil is neutral
Which part of the plant visually indicates that the plant is suffering a nutritional deficiency? The leaves
Created by: sudokken