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Chapter 20

Nurse Aide

TermDefinition
Alveoli Tiny, grape like sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs
Asthma A chronic and episodic inflammatory disease that makes it difficult to breathe and causes coughing and wheezing
Bronchi Branches of the passages of the respiratory system that lead from the trachea into the lungs
Bronchiectasis A condition in which the bronchi become permanently dilated (widened) and damaged
Bronchitis An irritation and inflammation of the lining of the bronchi
Chest Percussion Clapping the chest to help lungs drain with the force of gravity
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) A chronic, progressive, and incurable lung disease that causes difficulty breathing
Emphysema A chronic, incurable lung disease in which the alveoli in lungs become filled with trapped air; usually results from smoking and chronic bronchitis
Expiration The process of exhaling air out of the lungs
Hemoptysis The coughing up of blood from the respiratory tract
Inspiration The process of breathing air into the lungs
Lungs Main organs of respiration responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
Multidrug-Resistant TB (MDR-TB) Disease that occurs when the full course of medication is not taken for tuberculosis
Oxygen Therapy The administration of oxygen to increase the supply of oxygen to the lungs
Pneumonia Acute inflammation in the lungs tissue caused by bacterial, viral, or fungal infection and/or chemical irritants
Respiration The process of inhaling air into the lungs and exhaling air out of the lungs
Sputum Mucus coughed up from the lungs
Trachea An air passage that goes from the throat (pharynx) to the bronchi; also called windpipe
Tuberculosis (TB) A contagious lung disease caused by a bacterium that is transmitted through the air; causes coughing, difficulty breathing, fever and fatigue
RR Respiratory rate
Larynx The hollow muscular organ forming an air passage to the lungs and holding the vocal cords in humans and other mammals; the voice box
Pharynx The membrane-lined cavity behind the nose and mouth, connecting them to the esophagus
SOB Shortness of breath
Spec Specimen
Resp Respiration
Created by: hcps-jamesnc