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Biology: Chapter 8.2

Chapter 8.2 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Binary Fission the division of a prokaryotic cell into two offspring cells
Mitosis results in new cells with genetic material that is identical to the genetic material of the original cell; occurs in organisms undergoing growth, development, repair, or asexual reproduction
Asexual Reproduction the production of offspring from one parent
Meiosis occurs during the formation of gametes; reduces chromosome number by half in new cells
Gamete haploid reproductive cells
Interphase the time between cell divisions
Cytokinesis the division of the cell's cytoplasm
Prophase the first phase of mitosis; begins with the shortening and tight coiling of DNA into rod-shaped chromosomes that can be seen with a light microscope
Spindle Fiber made of microtubules; radiates from the centrosomes in preparation for metaphase
Metaphase the second phase of mitosis; chromosomes are easier to identify by using a microscope than during other phases
Anaphase chromatids of each chromosome separate at the centromere and slowly move, centromere first, toward opposite poles of the dividing cell
Telophase after the chromosomes reach opposite ends of the cell, the spindle fibers disassemble, and the chromosomes return to a less tightly coiled chromatin state
Cell Plate vesicles from the Golgi apparatus join together at the midline of the dividing cell to form this
Created by: truongm19