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Chapter 2

uniformatarianism forces active now, have always been active
cataclysm a violent upheaval or change in the earth's crust, especially a flood
atmosphere covering of air that surrounds our planet
lithosphere solid part of the earth
hydrosphere water on the earth's surface
crust outer skin of the earth
mantle hot, plastic, liquid stuff
core divided into liquid outer core and solid innner core
continents main landmasses of the earth
islands landmasses surrounded by water
continental islands large islands that are really attached to continents, but have water over the land, thus, seperating the two
oceanic islands rise from ocean floor
landform every variation in the landscape
mountain range clump of mountains together
plains wide areas of level land
alluvium sediments and water and deposits brought from mountains by rivers
plateaus relatively flat land, but rise abruptly from the surrounding lands
world ocean all the oceans flow into each other
tributaries rivers that "feed" off of other rivers
river system main river and all its tributaries
drainage basin total land area drained by the main river and its tributaries
navigable rivers carry goods from their distant sources to coastal cities
lakes bodies of water fully enclosed by land
seas arms of the ocean partially enclosed by land
harbor sheltered body of deep water next to the shore
wetlands areas of stagnant water
bogs spongy areas that look dry but are covered with wet organic materials
marsh small plants
swamps large trees
Created by: Bethany Hudson



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