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Vocabuary words

voabulary words

a scientist who studies the forces that make and shape earth Geologist
the study of the planet earth geology
a vibration that travels through earth carring the energy released during an earthquake seismic wave
the layer of hot solid material between earths crust and core mantle
the soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats asthenoshere
a ridgid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and the crust lithosphere
the most amount of mass in a space given density
the name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million years ago and gave us the continents we have today pangaea
a plae where new ocean floor forms as a result of volcanic eruptions and molten lava moving up through rifts mid-ocean ridge
a deep valley that forms where two plates move apart rift valley
a long, narrow steep-sided depressiion in the ocean floor where one crustal plate is forced beneath another trench
a divice that determines the distance of an object under water by recording echoes of sound waves sonar
the process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep ocean trench and back intothe mantle at a convergent plate doundaries subduction
the theory that pieces of earth.s lithosphere are in contant motion plate tectonics
a break im earth's crust where slabs of rock slip past each other fault
the point on the earth's surface directly above an earthquake's focus epicenter
a divice that records ground movements caused by seismic waves as they move through earth seismograph
a scale that rates seismic waves as measured b a particular type of seismograph Richer scale
a larger wave produced by an earthquake on the ocean floor tsunamis
melted rock deep within the earth magma
magma that emerges on the surface of the earth lava
a major belt of volcanos that rims the pacific ocean ring of fire
a bowl shaped area that forms around a volcanos central opening crater
a hot, fast moving type of lava that hardens to form a smooth ,ropelike coils pahoehoe
a slow-moving type of lava that hardens to form rough chunts aa
volcano that does not show sighs of erupting in the near future dormat
volcano that is unlikly to erupt again extinct
a fountain of water and steam that builds up pressure underground and erupts at regular intervals geyser
energy from water and steam that has been heated by magma geothermal energy
not formed from living things or the remains of living things inorganic
a naturally occuring, inorgani solid that has a crystal structure and a definite chemical composition mineral
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that repeats again and again cystal
a substance composed of a single kind of atom element
substance in which two or more elements are chemically joined compound
a scale ranking ten minerals from softest to hardest mohs hardress scale
rock that cntains a metal or economicall useful mineral ore
the observation or study by close examination and systematic inquire investigation
steps tooken to solve a problem in science scientific method
prediction or statement that can be tested hypothisis
factor that is changed in an experiment in order to study changes in the dependant variable: also called the manipulated variable independent variable
fsctor that is being measured in an experiment(the results) also called the responding variable dependent variable
factors that stay the same during the experiment;also called controlled variable constant
sample that is treated like the other experiment groups exsept the inependant(manipulated) variable is not applied control
an experiment in which only one variable is manipulated controlled experiment
the test of a hypothesis under cotrolled conditions experiment
a cumulative body of observation empirical evidence
tentative schemes or structures that correspond to real objects, events or classes of events, and have explanotory power scientific modle
a well tested explanation for a wide range of observations or experimental results theory
a statement hat describes what scientist expect to hapen every time under a particular set of conditions law
Created by: queenkarisma