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Core Terms

TermDefinition
Figurative Language - Saying something other than what it literally meant for effect The poorest man is the richest and the rich are poor.
Similie - Comparing things using like or as Tiff's red lipstick is like a bright red cherry
Metaphor - Comparing things without using like or as He drowned in a sea of grief
Assonance - The vowel sound repeats Wall, ball, small
Consonance - The consonant sound repeats Shake, bake, quake
Oxymoron - Contradiction terms appear together Seriously funny
Alliteration - Repetition of the same letter or sound at the beginning of connecting words Sally sold sea shells by the sea shore
Paradox - A statement that seems absurd but it is actually true Your enemy's friends are your enemies
Idiom - Phrase or colloquialism; meaning is not predictable from its usage Kick the bucket
Hyperbole - Extreme exaggeration Mrs. Peters is the best sports woman ever!
Imagery - Visual descriptive of figurative language especially in a literary work The grass is glistening in the early morning
Euphemism - An expression used to soften the blow of the truth She passed away heavenly
Personification - Giving inanimate object human characteristics The door began to tell me to hurry and walk out so it can close
Allusion - Making a reference to something Don't act like Romeo to her
Onomatopoeia - The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named Bang! Pow! Boom!
Pun - Play on words She had a photographic memory but never developed it
Author's Structure - How the story is organized Chronological order, cause and effect, problem and solution, etc.
Plot - Used to describe the events that make up a story or the main part of a story Nemo touching the butt of the boat when not supposed to...
Character - An evaluation of a particular individual's stable moral qualities Nemo, Dora, Dori, Romeo, Juliet, etc.
Conflict - Some sort of issue occurring Internal & external, etc.
Theme - The central, underlying, and controlling idea or insight of a work of literature; the message Don't judge a book by its cover
Setting - Where the story takes place In the jungle where there are lots of green trees and bushes and flowers blooming
Dialect - The language of what the character is speaking in Country, Northern, Southern, etc.
Vernacular - The language or dialect spoken in a particular region Country, Northern, Southern, etc.
Style - Describes how an author uses words to give off a mood, show imagery, etc. Use of figurative language, the structure of how the author writes
Syntax - The arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language "that night I sat on Tyan-yu's bed and waited for him to touch me But he didn't. I was relieved."
Tone - An attitude the author has towards the subject "That boy just makes me so mad!"
Diction - A word choice (vocabulary) "Popular" "Indeed" "Special" etc.
Mood - The emotion a reader picks up from the text "This oh so dark and gloomy night..."
Connotative - The emotions attached to a word. The emotion can be either positive or negative Childlike, youthful, childish, young... Slim, skinny, slender, thin...
Nuance - Word meaning and interpretation Those who are lonely and detached live in a house. those who live with loved ones and in happiness live in a home.
Argument - To fight over something Two boys fighting over a baseball bat but one doesn't want to share so one decides to punch the other and then they start to argue...
Rhetoric - Devices or strategies used to persuade Ethos: Persuasive appeal of one's character. Tells us that the author is reliable and competent (ethics) Pathos: Appeal to emotion (of course, meant to evoke emotional response) Logos: Appeal to reason (evokes a rational response) logical, facts
Parallelism - The use of successive verbal constructions in poetry or prose that corrects grammatical structure, sound, meter, meaning... etc. A poem
Author's Purpose - Reason an author writes a text Inform: No opinion, "list" of information, objective ex. Newspaper articles, recipes, etc. Entertain: Sometimes an opinion, lots of events "things exciting", no goal ex. Tabloids, movies, fiction Persuade: Voice opinion, convince you of said opinion, us
Explicit - Stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt "The speaker's intentions were not made explicit"
Inference - A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning "There should be no inference drawn form the fact that he chooses not to be a witness"
Technical - Of or relating to a particular subject, art, or craft, or its techniques. "In technical terms"
Denotative - Literal meaning of the word Falling - To fall
Central Ideas - The most important part of the story, Main idea The main idea of Romeo and Juliet is to not marry young.
Objective Summary - Writing you can verify through evidence and facts. All about the facts
Textual Evidence - Puling out key details to support your answer If answering questions, and need to support answer, go back to the story or so and pull out information from there
Point of View - The way an author views his/her points 1st person, 2nd person, 3rd person objective, limited, omniscient
Parody - An imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect People making fun of celebrity's music. Especially Justin Bieber's... :(
Satire - A text or performance that uses irony or wit to expose or attack a person, group, or humanity's stupidity A paper or so talking about eating people to solve hunger.
Sarcasm - The use of attorney to mock or convey contempt "His voice, hardened by sarcasm, could not hide his resentment"
Irony - The use of words that mean the opposite of what you really think, especially in order to be funny A man looked out of the window to see the storm intensify. He turned to his friend and said "wonderful weather we're having!"
Understatement - The presentation of something as being smaller, worse or less important than it actually is Winning a $10 million dollar lottery ticket and you're like "It was nice." :)
Created by: helloitscam