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Classification

QuestionAnswer
Who is the Father of classification? Carolus Linneaus
Things that have all characteristics of life organisms
living things that are made of only one cell unicellular
living things that are made of two or more cells multicellular
living things have specialized structures with specialized functions organization
living things grow by increasing cell size and/or increasing cell number growth and development
living things make more living things through this process reproduction
living things adjust and respond to to changes in their internal and external environment homeostasis
living things use energy for all the processes they perform Use of Energy
to group ideas, information, or objects based on similarites classify
Who developed the first classification system? Aristotle
The 6 higher levels are classification are the _________ kingdoms
Who came up with a 5 kingdom system of classification? Robert H Whittaker
How many domains are currently used in classification? 3
What are the current domains used for classification? Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
How many kingdoms are in our current classification system? 6
What are the current kingdoms of classification? Eubacteria(bacteria), Archaeabacteria, Protist, Fungi, Plant, and Animal
How many levels of classification are under a kingdom? 6
What are the levels of classification under a kingdom? Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
What is the a mnemonic device we can use to remember the 6 levels under a kingdom? King Phillip/David came over for good spaghetti.
What do we call Linnaeus' system that gives every organism a two-word scientific name? binomial nomenclature
_______ is a group of organisms that have similar traits and are able to produce fertile offspring. species
_______ is a group of similar species. genus
What two words go together to create the binomial nomenclature name for each organism? genus and species
Why is a scientific name important? it helps to avoid mistakes in identification with others around the world
What is a series of descriptions arranged in pairs that lead the user to the identification of an unknown organism? dichotomous key
What is a branched diagram that shows the relationship among organisms, including common ancestors? cladogram
Be able to use/analyze a dichotomous key and answer questions about cladograms.
Created by: michelle jenkins