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Biomed Unit 2

Biomedical Unit Two- Diabete

Glucagon A protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that raises blood glucose levels; an antagonistic hormone to insulin.
Glucose Tolerance Test A test of the body's ability to absorb glucose that involves adding glucose into a fasting stomach, what comes out is measured.
Homeostasis Body's internal balence
Hormone A product of living cells that circulates in blood and produces a specific, often stimulatory, effect on the activity of cells that are often far from the source of the hormone.
Insulin A protein hormone secreted by the pancreas that is essential for the metabolism of carbohydrates and the regulation of glucose levels in the blood.
Negative Feedback A primary mechanism of homeostasis, whereby a change in a physiological variable that is being monitored triggers a response that counteracts the initial fluctuation.
Positive Feedback Feedback that tends to magnify a process or increase its output.
Type 1 Diabetes Diabetes of a form that usually develops during childhood or adolescence and is characterized by a severe deficiency of insulin, leading to high blood glucose levels.
Type 2 Diabetes Diabetes that forms mostly in adults with genetic factors or from an unbalanced diet. It's an inability to produce insulin.
Created by: biomedical