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Med. Term Ch. 6

QuestionAnswer
ocul/o, opthalm/o, opt/o eye
oculopathy disease of the eye
opthalmologist medical specialist (physician) of the eye
optometrist specialist in the eye
lacrimo/o, dacry/o tear
lacrimation process of producing tears
dacryorrhea excess tear production
opia, -opsia vision.
hyperopia far-sighted
akinetopsia inability to see moving things
blephar/o eyelid
blepharedema swelling of the eyelid
blepharoplasty surgical repair of the eyelid
sclera and the cornea. The outermost layer of the eye is
sclera white of the eye
cornea clear.
corne/o, kerat/o cornea
corneal transplant replacement of cornea from a donor
keratitis inflammation of the cornea
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
conjunctivitis inflammation of the conjunctiva
scler/o sclera (white of the eye).
scleritis inflammation of the sclera (white of the eye)
choroid (middle the lens, iris, and ciliary muscles
iris iris constricts and dilates to control the size of the pupil controls the amount of light that enters the eye.
lens controlled by the ciliary muscles muscles contract to bend the lens, which bends light rays, allowing you to focus on objects.
retina contains cells of the nervous system. When light hits those cells, they are changed to electrical signals that travel along the optic nerve to the brain. The brain interprets the electrical signals as sight.
cycl/o ciliary body.
cycloplegia paralysis of the ciliary body
retin/o retina
retinitis inflammation of the retina
retinoscope device that views the retina
ir/o, irid/o iris.
iritis inflammation of the iris
iridalgia painful iris
vitreous humor a thick, jelly-like fluid that fills the posterior cavity (space behind the lens) of the eye. It functions to keep the eye in a sphere-like shape and to bend light rays.
vitre/o vitreous humor.
vitreous liquid fluid that fills the posterior cavity of the eye
vitrectomy removal of the vitreous humor
phac/o, phak/o lens.
phacoscope device to view the lens
phakitis inflammation of the lens
aur/o, ot/o ear
aural pertaining to the ear
otoscope device to view the ear
acous/o, audi/o hearing.
acoustic pertaining to sound
audiogram record of hearing
-acusis hearing condition
hyperacusis exaggerated hearing
osteoacusis conduction of sound through bones
outer ear pinna and the ear canal.
pinna shaped like a funnel, which helps collect sounds from the air and send them down the ear canal. the fleshy outside portion, which sits on the mastoid bone of the skull.
cerumin/o earwax
ceruminolysis breakdown of the earwax.
salping/o ear canal
rhinosalpingitis inflammation of the nose and ear canal
tympan/o, myring/o ear drum.
tympanostomy creation of opening in ear drum
myringotomy incision into the ear drum
mastoid/o mastoid process.
mastoiditis inflammation of the mastoid process
middle ear Incus, malleus, and stapes
abyrinth/o maze
abyrinthitis inflammation of the labyrinth (of the inner ear)
vestibul/o entry way.
vestibulitis inflammation of the vestibule (of the inner ear)
cochle/o cochlea (shaped like a snail shell).
cochleitis inflammation of the cochlea
ambiopia, diplopia double vision
asthenopia weak vision
amblyopia decreased vision (i.e. lazy eye)
hyperopia far sightedness
myopia sightedness
presbyopia decreased vision due to old age
hemianopsia blindness in half of the visual field
scotopia adjustment of the eye to seeing in the darkness
blepharoplegia paralysis of eyelids
blepharospasm involuntary contraction of eyelid
dacryoadenalgia pain in the tear gland
dacryocystalgia pain in the tear sac
dacryohemorrhea blood in the tears
dacryorrhea excessive tearing
xerophthalmia dry eyes
ophthalmalgia pain in the eye
ophthalmoplegia paralysis of the eye
astigmatism vision problem caused by fact that light rays are not focused on a single point in the back of the eye
corneal xerosis dryness of the cornea
keratalgia pain in the cornea
miosis abnormal contraction of the pupil
mydriasis abnormal dilation of the pupil
iridalgia pain in the iris
scotoma dark spot in the visual field
hyperacusis excessively sensitive hearing
hypoacusis excessively insensitive hearing
osteoacusis hearing through bone
presbycusis hearing loss due to old age
otalgia, otodynia ear pain
otorrhea discharge from the ear
tinnitus ringing in the ear
vertigo sensation of moving through space (while stationary)
ophthalmic, optic pertaining to the eye
binocular pertaining to both eyes.
retinal pertaining to the retina
optokinetic pertaining to movement of the eye
iridokinesis pertaining to the movement of the iris
nasolacrimal pertaining to the nose and ear system
lacrimation pertaining to the production of tears
blepharedema swelling of the eyelids
blepharoptosis drooping of the eyelid
blepharopyrrhea discharge of pus from the eyelid
ectropion outward turning of the eyelid, away from the eye
entropion inward turning of the eyelid, toward the eye
dacryolith formation of stone in the tear system
dacryopyorrhea discharge of pus in tears
strabismus eyes deviate while looking at the same object
nystagmus involuntary back-and-forth movement of the eye
exophthalmos protrusion of the eyes out of the eye sockets
scleromalacia, keratomalacia abnormal softening of the cornea
pterygium wing-like growth of conjunctival tissue over the cornea
phacomalacia softening of the lens
phacosclerosis hardening of the lens
papilledema swelling of the optic nerve where it enters the retina
otoscope instrument to view the ear
salpingoscope instrument to view the Eustachian tube
otoscopy procedure for examining the ear
pneumatic otoscopy procedure for examining the ear that uses air; air is “puffed” against the tympanic membrane to measure its amount of movement
audiometer device that measures hearing
audiometry procedure for measuring hearing
tympanometry procedure for measuring the ear drum (tympanic membrane)
otolaryngologist ear and throat specialist
otoneurologist specialist in the nerve connections between the ear and brain
otorhinolaryngologist ear, nose, and throat specialist
audiologist hearing specialist
aural pertaining to the ear
otosteal pertaining to the bones of the ear
salpingopharyngeal pertaining to the Eustachian tubes and the throat
ceruminoma benign tumor of the glands that produce ear wax (cerumen)
ceruminosis excessive formation of ear wax (cerumen)
macrotia abnormally large ears
microtia abnormally small ears
otopyorrhea discharge of pus from the ears
otosclerosis hearing loss to hardening of bones of the middle ear
tympanic perforation hole in the ear drum (tympanic membrane)
tympanosclerosis hardening of the ear drum (tympanic membrane)
Outer structures eyelid, tear duct, conjunctiva
Outer layer sclera, cornea
Middle layer lens, iris, ciliary muscle
Inner layer retina, optic nerve
Outer ear ear canal, ear wax
Middle ear bones, small space
Inner ear cochlea, labyrinth
blepharitis inflammation of the eyelid
blepharoconjunctivitis inflammation of the eyelid and conjunctiva
dacryocystitis inflammation of the tear sac
dacryoadenitis inflammation of the tear gland
dacryohemorrhea discharge of blood in the tears
dacryolithiasis condition of stones in the tear system
dacryostenosis narrowing of the tear duct
oculopathy, ophthalmopathy eye disease
oculomycosis, ophthalmomycosis fungal infection of the eye
ophthalmatrophy wasting away of the eye
ophthalmitis inflammation of the eye
ophthalmomyitis inflammation of the eye muscles
trichiasis condition in which the eye lashes grow into the eye
optic neuritis inflammation of the optic nerve
conjunctivitis inflammation of the conjunctiva
keratitis inflammation of the cornea
sclerokeratitis inflammation of the sclera and cornea
sclerokeratoiritis inflammation of the sclera, cornea, and iris
scleroiritis inflammation of the sclera and iris
keratopathy disease of the cornea
sclerectasia overexpansion of the cornea
corneal abrasion scratch on the cornea
iridopathy disease of the iris
iritis inflammation of the iris
aniridia absence of iris
iridemia bleeding from the iris
iridocyclitis inflammation of the iris and ciliary body
iridokeratitis inflammation of the iris and cornea
cyclokeratitis inflammation of the ciliary body and cornea
aphakia lack of lens
phakitis inflammation of a lens
cataract cloudiness of the lens
endophthalmitis inflammation of the inside of the eye
retinitis inflammation of the retina
retinopathy disease of the retina
retinosis condition of the retina
otitis externa inflammation of the external ear
otomycosis fungal infection of the ear
cerumen impaction buildup of earwax blocking ear canal
aerotitis inflammation of the ear due to air
conductive hearing loss hear loss due to sound not getting to the middle/inner ear
myringitis inflammation of the tympanic membrane
myringodermatitis inflammation of the tympanic membrane and surrounding skin
myringomycosis fungal infection of the tympanic membrane
rhinosalpingitis inflammation of the nose and Eustachian tubes
vestibular neuritis inflammation of the vestibular nerve
cochleitis inflammation of the cochlea
acoustic neuroma tumor of the acoustic nerve
sensorineural hearing loss hearing loss due to sound being transmitted from the inner ear to the brain
sclerotomy