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Fundamentals Ch. 16

Health Asessment & Physical Examination

adventitious sounds abnormal lung sounds heard with auscultation
arcus senilis Opaque ring, gray to white in color, that surrounds the periphery of the cornea. The condition is caused by deposits of fat granules in the cornea. Occurs primarily in older adults.
atrophy thinning of skin with loss of normal skin furrow with skin appearing shiny and translucent; varies in size (e.g., arterial insufficiency)
auscultation listening for sounds produced by the body
bruit abnormal sound or murmur heard while auscultating an organ, gland or artery
cerumen yellowish or brownish waxy secretion produced by sweat glands in the external ear
costovertebral angle formed by the last rib and vertebral column, is a landmark used during palpation of the kidney
crackles fine, bubbling sounds heard on auscultation of the lung; produced by air entering distal airways and alveoli, which contains serous secretions
cyanosis bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by an excess of deoxygenated hemoglobin in the blood or a structural defect in the hemoglobin molecule
dorsum Back of the hand.
dyspnea breathlessness, sensation of shortness of breath
erythema redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that is a result of dilation and congestion of superficial capillaries; sunburn is an example
edema abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tissues; swelling
indurated hardened
inspection method of physical examination by which the patient is visually systematically examined for appearance, structure, function, and behavior
integument consists of skin, hair, scalp, and nails
intercostal space between the ribs
jaundice yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and sclera caused by greater-than-normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood
olfaction smelling
orthopnea must be in upright position to breathe
pallor unusual paleness
palpation the use of hands to touch body parts and make sensitive assessments
percussion tapping the body with the fingertips to produce a vibration that travels through the body tissues
petechiae pinpoint-size red or purple spots on the skin caused by small hemorrhages in the skin layers
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
thrill continuous palpable sensation, like the purring of a cat
turgor normal resiliency of the skin caused by the outward pressure of the cells and interstitial fluid