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Nephrotic Syndrome

Renal 2 Exam

QuestionAnswer
Type of renal failure characterized by increased _______ _______ and massive _________, __________, ___________. glomerular permeability; proteinuria, hypoalbumineria, edema (anasarca)
Caused by a multitude of diseases and well as primary renal disease
Occurs as a result of damage to the glomerulus
S/S of Nephrotic Syndrome pitting edema periorbital, sacrum, ankles, hands, ascites, anasarca
Extreme edema that occurs from loss of protein from hypoalbuminemia Anasarca
How is nephrotic syndrome Dx? UA: Proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia, edema, ascites, anasarca
What is the normal and excess protein found with this? Normal 0-8 mg/day Excess 3-5 g/day
Treatment Duiretics, ACEI, Lipid lowering agents, daily wt and abd girth/extremity size, I/O, skin care (more sus to infection), monitor HTN, keep feet elevated and dry
What is the diet for this? mod protein and decrease NA, sm frequent meals
What are complications of this illness? PE, Thromboembolism, increased r/o infection, accelerated atherosclerosis, ARF
Created by: mreedy