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science vocab

for science

TermDefinition
atmosphere the layers of air that cover the earth
air pressure how much air is pushing on you
troposphere the layer of the atmosphere we live in
stratosphere the layer of the atmosphere where planes fly
mesosphere the layer of the atmosphere where meteors burn up
ionosphere the layer of the atmosphere where ion waves are reflected
exosphere the layer of the atmosphere that fades into space
thermosphere the layer of the atmosphere the includes the ionosphere and exosphere
ozone layer the layer of the atmosphere that is in the stratosphere
greenhouse effect the effect that happens when gases are trapped in the atmosphere
temperature the average amount of heat an object has
thermal energy the total amount of heat an object has
thermal expansion when something is heated it expands
heat the amount of energy an object has
radiation heat transfer by electromagnetic waves
conduction heat transfer by direct touch
convection heat transfer by fluids
wind air moving from a low pressure system to a high pressure
Coriolis Effect the effect that happens when the rotation of the earth causes winds to curve
Jet Stream a band of EXTREMELY fast winds
local wind wind in a certain place
sea breeze wind coming off the sea
land breeze wind coming off the land
mountain breeze wind coming down a mountain
valley breeze wind in a valley
global wind wind around the world
Trade Winds a wind going towards the equator from north east in the norther hemisphere and from the south west in thr souther
Westerlies west to east wind
Polar Easterlies eastern winds going east from the poles
Doldrums an area of little to no wind on the equator
Horse Latitudes subtropical between 30 and 80
weather the current condition of the atmosphere
humidity how much water vapor is in the air
relative humidity amount of water vapor in the air at a given time
dew point the temperature which dew forms
precipitation any thing that falls from the sky
cirrus wispy "feather clouds
cumulus heaping clouds
stratus clouds covering the sky
air pressure(density) how much air is pushing on you
high pressure system where air pressure is at a peak or lull
low pressure system where air pressure is constant
air mass a large body of air
front where two air masses meet
warm front a warm air mass
cold front a cold air mass
stationary front where two air masses meet and move together
occluded front where two air masses cannot move
evaporation when a liquid heated and becomes a gas
condensation when a gas collects and becomes a liquid
runoff water from a rain storm
anemometer an instrument used to measure wind speed
weather vane an instrument used to tell the direction of wind
wind chill the extra little temperature that wind subtracts fromthe actual temperature
Created by: awezomeluke