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9th Grade Biology

All of my 9th grade year vocabulary (Updated frequently)

TermDefinition
Carbohydrate It is a compound made up of carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen. It's function is to produces energy for living organisms. You can find it in: Pasta, Bread, Cereal, Candy and Jams.
Lipids (Fat) It's a macro-molecule made form Carbon, and Hydrogen. It's function is to store energy, it's part of the cell membrane. You can find it in: Wax, Oils, and Fats.
Nucleic Acids (DNA/RNA) It's made from nucleotides, it is a polymer. It's Function is to store and transmit genetic information. It is made up of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon and Phosphorus.
Proteins Controls and regulates cell process, enzymes, aid's the bone and muscle development. It is made up of Nitrogen, Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen.
Macro molecules Smaller units or monomers join together to create polymers. There are four types of Polymer Macro molecules, Carbohydrate, Lipids, Nucleic Acids, and Proteins.
Solvent Something that dissolves another substance. (Water is a universal Solvent)
Solute The substance that is being dissolved (Like sugar being put into water)
Adhesion The attraction between two molecules of different substances.
Cohesion The attraction between two molecules of the same substance.
Mass Mass is how much matter is in an object
Volume Volume is the amount of space an object has in it
Pressure Pressure is the amount of force pushing on another object
Density Density is how compact the particles are
Convection Convection transfers heat through things like, gas's, liquids, and soilds.
Asexual Reproduction Form of reproduction, Does not involve meiosis or fertilization there is only one parent involved.
Sexual Reproduction Production of offspring from 2 parents using Gametes (Sperm and Egg) They are given 1/2 of chromosomes from each parent.
Inheritance The process of genetic transmission of characteristics from a parent or ancestor to an offspring.
Gene The fundamental, physical, and functional unit of heredity.
Geno type A set of genes in our DNA which is responsible for a particular trait.
Phenotype The physical appearance of an organism as distinguished from it's genetic makeup.
Dominant Trait A trait will appear in the offspring if one of the parents contributes it. Ex: A girl born with black hair like her mothers, her mothers gene is dominant.
Recessive Trait Relating to the form of a gene that is not expressed as a trait in an individual unless two such genes are inherited, one from each parent.
Pedigree A genetic representation of a family tree that diagrams inheritance of a trait or disease through several generations.
Genetic Engineering The science of altering and cloning genes to produce a new trait in an organism or to make a biological substance, such as a protein or hormone.
Cloning Is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals that occurs in nature when organisms such as bacteria, insects or plants reproduce asexually.
Bioethics A field of study concerned with the ethics and philosophical implications of certain biological and medical procedures, technologies, and treatments, as organ transplants, genetic engineering, and care of the terminally ill.
Created by: KassiCole