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Science - Unit 2

TEST 10/30 - Water Cycle Study Guide

QuestionAnswer
The process in which water constantly moves throughout our atmosphere and back to Earth. Water Cycle
Most of the water in the water cycle comes from the ____? Ocean
The ocean covers about ____% of Earth. 70
____% of all the water on Earth is salt water. 97
There are _____ phases in the water cycle. Four
The phases of the water cycle are ______, ______, ______, and ______. Evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and collection
_______________ is the phase where liquid water heats up and becomes a gas, or water vapor. Evaporation
The the water vapor (gas) ______ down and condenses with other water droplets (liquid) to form a cloud. Cools
What is the phase where water vapor cools down and condenses with other water droplets (liquid) to form a could? Condensation
When condensation happens and forms a cloud close to the ground, it is called ______. Fog
The next phase happens when the water droplets become too _____ and fall back down to the Earth. Heavy
What is the phase where water droplets become to heavy and fall back down to Earth? Precipitation
What are the four forms of precipitation? Rain, sleet, snow, and hail
When it is so cold that the water vapor goes straight from gas to solid, that is how ____ happens! Snow
After the water has returned to Earth, it collects into rivers, lakes,ponds, under the ground, and oceans! This stage is called ________. Collection
The water gets most of its energy to keep moving through the water cycle from the _____. Sun
What are the three states of matter? Solid, liquid, and gas
Water freezes (goes from liquid to solid) at _____ degrees Fahrenheit. 32
Water freezes (goes from liquid to solid) at _____ degrees Celsius. 0
Water boils (goes from liquid to gas) at _____ degrees Fahrenheit. 212
Water boils (goes from liquid to gas) at ______ degrees Celsius. 100
What state of matter is ice? (solid, liquid, gas) Solid
What state of matter is water? (solid, liquid, gas) Liquid
What state of matter is water vapor? (solid, liquid, gas) Gas
Condensation happens when a gas is (freezing or melting)? Freezing
Evaporation occurs when a solid is (freezing or melting)? Melting
During evaporation, what are the states of matter? Liquid to gas
During condensation, what are the states of matter? Gas to liquid
During precipitation, what are the states of matter? Liquid or solid
During collection, what is the state of matter? Liquid
Created by: she4thgrade