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06. Cell Cycle

Mitosis

TermDefinition
Mitosis Division of the cell nucleus and its contents
Prophase DNA and proteins condense into tightly coiled chromosomes. The nuclear envelope breaks down and centrioles begin to move to opposite poles. ("Prepare")
Metaphase Spindle fibers attach to each chromosome. They align the chromosomes along the middle of the cell. ("Middle")
Anaphase Chromatids separate to opposide sides of the cell. ("Apart")
Telephase Nuclear membranes start to form, chromosomes begin to uncoil, and the spindle fibers fall apart.
Chromosomes Divides the cell cytoplasm
Chromatid One half of a duplicated chromosome
Sister chromatids Two identical chromatids held together by a centromere
Centromere Sister chromatids are held together here
Spindle Fibers Help align the chromosomes at the middle of the cell
Centrioles Help divide DNA during cell division by producing spindle fibers that attach to the DNA and pull it to one side of the cell.
Diploid (2n) cell that has two copies of each chromosome, one from an egg and one from a sperm.
Identical Cells Cells produced from cell division that are genetically identical to the parent cell.
Homologous Chromosomes Chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies of genes, although the alleles may differ
Original Chromosome Number Restored After a cell duplicates its DNA during S phase, the cell will divide resulting in the original chromosome number.
Cytokinesis The division of the cell cytoplasm
Created by: cfhsbiology
 

 



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