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Diabetes

Med Surg 1

TermDefinition
Diabetes Disease marked by a high level of blood glucose as a result of defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both
3 P's of Diabetes Polyuria, polyphasia (increased hunger), polydipsia (increased thirst)
Blindness, end-stage kidney disease, amputations, cv disease, stroke, dental disease, sexual dysfunction Diabetes can lead to
Diabetes Risk factors Genetics, toxins, viruses, obesity, HTN, pancreatitis, and Cushing's disease
Diabetes Type I Autoimmune and idiopathic; no insulin produced; rapid onset; thin/underweight pts
Diabetes Type II Insulin resistance; increased glucose production, decreased insulin secretion; slow onset
Metabolic Syndrome Results from abdominal obesity, hypoglycemia, HTN, Lipids (Triglycerides >150 & HDL <40-50)
Hyperglycemia Higher than normal glucose levels
Type II Results in hyperglycemia; also affects fat, protein, and E metabolism
Normal Blood Sugar Level 70-110 before meal; <140 after meal
Normal Hypoglycemia <70 (could be higher in some patients)
Simple carbs Fast; give first (cake icing or juice or skim milk) ~15-20min
Complex carbs Slow; give second (peanut butter) ~30-90min
Protein Give third ~3-4h
Fat Give fourth ~6-8h
Created by: TedMed