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Ch. 4 vocab

TermDefinition
Crime punishable offense against society.
Vicarious criminal liability substituted criminal liability
Felony Crime punishable by confinement for more than a year of a fine of more than $1000.
Misdemeanor crime punishable by confinement for a year or less or a fine of $1000 or less
White collar crimes crimes that do not involve force or violence and do not cause physical injury or damage
Probable cause A reasonable ground for belief
Defense a legal position taken by the defendant
Procedural defenses based on problems on with the way evidence was obtained or the way an accused person is arrested.
Substantive defenses Legal position that disproves, justifies or excuses an alleged criminal act.
self-defense use of force that appears to be reasonably necessary to the victim to prevent death, serious bodily harm, rape, or kidnapping.
Immunity freedom from prosecution even when one has committed the crime charged.
Contempt of court action that hinders the administration of justice.
Punishment any penalty provided by law and imposed by a court.
Plea bargain agreement with prosecutor that allows the defendant to plead guilty to a less serious crime in exchange for having a more serious charged dropped.
Indictment written accusation declaring that there is sufficient evidence to try the identified individual for a specified crime.
Arraignment court in a proceeding during which the formal charges in the indictment are read
Preliminary hearing court proceeding at which the evidence against the defendant will be presented to the court.
Bail sum of money or property pledged to guarantee that the arrested person will appear for a preliminary hearing.
Subpoena Written court order compelling an individual to appear and testify or produce evidence
voir dire preliminary exam of the potential jurors to determine their ability to judge ably and impartially
verdict jurys decision in a case
Created by: rthidemann