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Fundamentals Ch.8

Critical Thinking Key Terms

TermDefinition
clinical decision making A problem-solving approach that nurses use to define patient problems and select appropriate treatment
clinical inference The process of drawing conclusions from related pieces of evidence and previous experience with the evidence.
critical thinking The active, purposeful, organized, cognitive process used to carefully examine one's thinking and the thinking of other individuals
decision making Process involving critical appraisal of information that results from recognition of a problem and ends with the generation, testing, and evaluation of a conclusion. Comes at the end of critical thinking.
diagnostic reasoning Process that enables an observer to assign meaning and to classify phenomena in clinical situations by integrating observations and critical thinking.
intuition The inner sensing that something is so.
nursing process Systematic problem-solving method by which nurses individualize care for each patient. The five steps of the nursing process are assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation.
problem solving Methodical, systematic approach to explore conditions and develop solutions, including analysis of data, determination of causative factors, and selection of appropriate actions to reverse or eliminate the problem.
reflection Process of thinking back or recalling an event to discover the meaning and purpose of that event. Useful in critical thinking.
scientific method Codified sequence of steps used in the formulation, testing, evaluation, and reporting of scientific ideas.
workaround Patterns & actions that health care staff use to bypass either safety steps in procedures or safety features of medical equipment. Workarounds temporarily fix a problem the system remains unaltered and continues to present potential safety hazards for pts