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Chapter 19

Nurse Aide

Anemia A condition in which the amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the body is less than normal
Angina Pectoris Chest pain, pressure, or discomfort
Anti-Embolic Stockings Special stockings used to help prevent swelling and blood clots and aid circulation; also called elastic stockings
Artery Vessel that carries blood away from the heart
Atria The upper two chambers of the heart
Capillaries Tiny blood vessels in which the exchange of gases, nutrients, and waste products occurs between blood and cells
Cardiomyopathy A weakening of the heart muscle due to enlargement or thickening, which reduces the hearts ability to pump blood effectively
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) A condition in which the heart muscle is damaged and fails to pump effectively
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) A condition in which the coronary arteries become damaged and narrow over time, causing chest pain and other symptoms
Diastole Phase when the heart muscle relaxes
Heart Four-chambered pump that is responsible for the flow of the blood in the body
Hypoxia A condition in which the body does not receive enough oxygen
Ischemia A lack of blood supply to an area
Myocardial Ischemia A condition in which the heart muscle does not receive enough blood and lacks oxygen; can cause angina pectoris
Nitroglycerin Medication that relaxes the walls of the coronary arteries
Occlusion A complete obstruction of a blood vessel
Orthopnea Shortness of breath when lying down that is relieved by sitting up
Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) A condition in which the legs, feet, arms, or hands do not have enough blood circulation
Phlebitis Inflammation of the veins in the lower extremities
Pulmonary Edema A condition in which there is an accumulation of fluid in the lungs; usually due to heart failure
Stable Angina Chest pain that occurs when a person is active or under severe stress
Systole Phase where the heart is at work, contracting and pushing blood out of the left ventricle
Unstable Angina Chest pain that occurs while a person is at rest and not exerting himself
Vein Vessel that carries blood to the heart
Ventricles The lower two chambers of the heart
Created by: hcps-jamesnc