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Unit vocabulary

Archaeology the study of material remains from ancient people and their culture.
Artifact small, hand-made objects meaning “made with skill.”
Civilization a highly advanced culture or society.
Culture the customs, beliefs, socials forms, and material traits of a racial, religious or social group.
Dig Site an archaeological excavation site.
Excavation careful digging into the ground to look for archaeological remains from the past.
Field Work the discovery, examination and recording of an archaeological site to collect information before excavation.
Hieroglyphics a system pictures developed by the Ancient Egyptians where each picture stood for a sound or idea.
Petroglyphs pictures painted or etched onto the walls of caves by prehistoric people.
Ruins the remains of something destroyed, such as old buildings and structures.
Archaeologist a person who learns about the past by digging things up.
History a branch of knowledge dealing with events in the past.
Prehistoric Pertaining to the era before recorded history events known mainly through archaeological discoveries, study and research
Decompose to break down or rot.
Preserve to protect something so it doesn’t rot away.
Remains what’s left of old bodies or ancient objects.
Trowel a small, pointed tool used by an archaeologist to dig and scrape away dirt.
Fragment a small piece broken off from a larger object.
Replica a copy of something.
Radiocarbon Dating measures the decay of an atom, which is how scientists figure out the age of an artifact.
Catalogue to clean, number, organize and store artifacts for study.
Reconstruction a structure rebuilt to resemble as closely as possible to the original.
Lithic items made of stone, such as stone tools, like an arrowhead.
Currency something used as a medium of exchange when buying and selling- usually paper money and coins.
Primary Source a firsthand or eyewitness account of an event; original artifact
Secondary Source any document passed down describing a person place or event; replica of the real thing.
Created by: Miss Pickering