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Ch. 5 Europe

Physical features, Governments, and Revolutions

Peninsula A body of land nearly surrounded by water
Alps Europe's tallest mountain range, stretching across southern Europe
Northern European Plain Vast area of flat or rolling land from France to Russia
North Atlantic Drift Warm Ocean current that helps keep Europe's Climate Mild
Fossil Fuels Sources of energy from ancient plant or animal remains
Renewable resources Sources of energy to be replaced through ongoing natural processes.
Hydroelectric power electricity made by water powered engines
Democracy a government in which the citizens make political decisions either directly or through elected representatives
Tyrant Someone who takes power illegally
Oligarchy a government ruled by a few powerful individuals
Republic a government in which citizens elect representatives to rule in the name
Monarchy a type of government in which a ruling family headed by a king or queen holds political power.
Middle Ages The period between the fall of the Roman Empire and the Modern Era from A.D. 476 to 1453
Renaissance a rebirth of creativity, literature and learning in Europe
Scientific Revolution Major change in Europe thinking in the Mid- 1500’s that led to the questioning of old theories
French Revolution Conflict in France between 1789 and 1799 that ended in the way France was Governed.
Nationalism Pride in and loyalty one’s Nation
Holocaust the Systematic Murder of Jews and other Minorities by the Nazis during WWII
Industrial Revolution Shift that began in britain in the 1760s from making goods by hand to making them by machines
European Union an organization of European nations whose members cooperates on economic social and political issues.
Created by: hannahtiedt