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SLSBio12 Cell Str MM

SLS Bio12 Cell Structure MM

TermDefinition
Cell Membrane Composed of a phospholipid bilayer, controls movement of substances in and out of the cell
Cell Wall Structure which surrounds a plant, prostitan, fungal, or bacterial cell and maintains the cell's shape and rigidity
Cellular Respiration Metabolic reactions that use the energy primarily from carbohydrate but also fatty acid or amino acid breakdown t produce ATP molecules
Chloroplast Membranous organelle that contains chlorophyll (green pigment which captures solar energy during photosynthesis) and is the site of photosynthesis
Chromatin Network of fibrils consisting of DNA and associated proteins observed within a nucleus that is not dividing
Chromosome Rod-like structure in the nucleus seen during cell division, contains the hereditary units or genes
Cristae Short, finger-like projections formed by the folding of the inner membrane of mitochondria
Cytoplasm Contents of a cell between the nucleus and the plasma membrane that contains the organelles
Cytoskeleton Internal framework of the cell consisting of microtubules, actin filaments and intermediate filaments
Golgi Bodies Organelle, consisting of flattened saccules and also vesicles, that processes, packages and distributes molecules about or from the cell
Lysosome Membrane-bounded vesicle that contains hydrolytic enzymes for digesting macromolecules
Matrix Unstructured semifluid substance that fills the space between cells in connective tissues or inside organelles
Mitochondria Membrane bounded organelle in which ATP molecules are produced during the process of cellular respiration
Nuclear Envelope Double membrane that surrounds the nucleus and is continuous with the endoplasmic reticulum
Nuclear Pore Opening in the nuclear envelope that permits the passage of proteins into the nucleus and ribosomal subunits out of the nucleus
Nucleolus Dark-staining, spherical body in the nucleus that produces ribosomal subunits
Nucleus Membrane-bounded organelle within a eukaryotic cell that contains chromosomes and controls the structure and function of the cell
Organelle Small, often membranous structure in the cytoplasm, having a specific structure and function
Polysome a cluster of ribosomes held together by a strand of messenger RNA
Ribosome RNA and protein in two subunits, site of protein synthesis in the cytoplasm
Rough ER Has attached ribosomes, site of protein synthesis, packages proteins in a vesicle and sends to golgi body
Smooth ER No attached ribosomes, makes lipids and steroids, detoxifies.
Vacuole Membrane-bounded sac that holds fluid and a variety of other substances
Vesicle Small, membrane-bounded sac that stores substances within a cell
Created by: madym