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Body Structure

Medical, Surgical, and Diagnostic Procedures

infusion therapy delivery of fluids directly into the blood stream via a vein for treating various disorders; also called IV therapy
ablation removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, electrocautery, freezing, or radio frequency (RF)
anastomosis surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
cauterize destruction of tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals
curettage scraping of a body cavity with a spoon-shaped instrument called a curette (curet)
incision and drainage (I&D) incision made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a wound or cavity
laser surgery use of a high intensity laser light beam to remove diseased tissues, stop bleeding blood vessels, or for cosmetic purposes
resection removal of part or all of a structure, organ, or tissue
revision surgical procedure used to replace or compensate for a previously implanted device or correct an undesirable result or effect of a previous surgery
inspection sequence of procedures designed to evaluate the health status of a patient
palpation gentle application of the hands to a specific structure or body area to determine size, consistency, texture, symmetry, and tenderness of underlying structures
percussion tapping a structure with the hand or fingers to assess consistency and the presence or absence of fluids within the underlying structure
auscultation listening to the heart, bowel, and lungs with or without a stethoscope to assess the presence and quality of sounds
endoscopy visual examination of a body cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope
blood chemical analysis laboratory test, usually performed on serum, to evaluate various substances to determine whether they fall within a normal range
complete blood count (CBC) panel of blood tests used as a broad screening test for anemias, infections, and other diseases
organ-disease panel series of blood tests used to evaluate a specific organ (liver panel) or disease (anemia panel)
computed tomography (CT) imaging technique in which an x-ray emitter rotates around the area to be scanned and a computer measures the intensity of transmitted x-rays from different angles; formerly called computerized axial tomography
fluoroscopy technique in which x-rays are directed through the body to a fluorescent screen that displays internal structures in continuous motion
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field, rather than an x-ray beam, to produce highly detailed, multiplanar, cross-sectional views of soft tissues
nuclear scan technique in which a radioactive material called a tracer is introduced into the body and a specialized camera is used to produce images of organs and structures
positron emission tomography (PET) computed tomography records the positrons emitted from a radiopharmaceutical to produce a cross-sectional image of metabolic activity of body tissues to determine the presence of disease
radiography technique in which x-rays are passed through the body or area and captured on a film to generate an image; also called x-ray
single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) radiological technique that integrates computed tomography (CT) and a radioactive material (tracer) injected into the bloodstream to visualize blood flow to tissues and organs
ultrasonography (US) high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) are directed at soft tissue and reflected as "echoes" to produce an image on a monitor of an internal body structure; also called ultrasound, sonography, and echo
biopsy removal of a representative tissue sample from a body site for microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis
excisional biopsy biopsy in which the entire lesion is removed
incisional biopsy biopsy in which only a small sample of the lesion is removed