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immunology NRTC

QuestionAnswer
Treat allergies antihistamines
Immunosuppressant and anti-inflammatory medications glucocorticoids
Used to treat autoimmune disorders and organ transplants immunosuppressants
treat parasites Antihelmentics
The antibioticS for bacterial infections only Penicillins
what do penicillins cross react with cephalosporins
Labs to be done with penicillin bun & creatinine
this antibiotic works against many bacteria by destroying the bacteria Cell wall Cephalosporins
cephalosporins are not for people with bleeding Tendencies or renal impairment
cephalosporins cross react with what penicillins
when caring for a patient on cephalosporins the nurse should monitor for what redness and irritation at the IV site, stop the drug
two types of medication that should use caution when taking antibiotics warfarin and birth control
Name some cephalosporins cephalexin cefaclor
Cephalosporins have generations getting tougher with each how many generations are there 4
how should oral cephalosporin be taken with food
Vancomycin is used to treat what MRSA infections C Diff
Main points for vancomycin no loop diuretics, peak and trough labs, redness and swelling at IV sites, ototoxicity, used with caution with renal dysfunction
tetracyclines all have what in there generic names Cycline
Tetracycline Main points cannot give at HS, no pregnant women or small children, yellow teeth, photosensitivity, not to be taken with oral contraceptives
name the macrolides given to people with penicillin allergies Erythromycin or azithromycin
Main points for macrolides patients c penicillin allergy, cardiac dysrhythmias, take the full script, hepatotoxicity, GI pain
The generic names for penicillins all contain Cillins
Name some penicillins penicillin G, ampicillin
What side effects can you have when you use gentamicin Ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity
What type of lab do you do for gentamicin Peak and trough draws
Side effects of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole Crystallurea and photosensitivity
Interactions with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole Warfarin and phenytoin
Examples of fluoroquinolones Ciprofloxacin ofloxacin and lomefloxacin
Side effects of fluoroquinolone Hepatotoxicity, Achilles tendon rupture, and superinfection
Fluoroquinolones interactions Milk and dairy products
Example of antiprotozoal Metronidazole (flagyl)
Side effects of flagyl GI distress, CNS symptoms such as numbness of extremities, seizures, severe headaches
Examples of antifungals Nystatin and fluconazole
Side effects of antifungals Hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity and effects sex hormones
Examples of antivirals Acyclovir and oseltamivir
Acyclovir is used for what kind of infections herpes simplex and varicella-zoster
Side effects of antivirals Nephrotoxicity
What should you use for topical antivirals Gloves
What are antirhetrovirals treat HIV infections
Created by: bekaleyce