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HESI Vocab

TermDefinition
Abrupt Sudden Ex. The nurse noticed an abrupt change in the patient's level of pain.
Abstain To voluntarily refrain from something. Ex. The dental hygienist instructed the patient to abstain from smoking to improve his breath odor.
Access A means to obtain entry or a means of approach. Ex. To administer medications into the patient's vein, the nurse must access the vein with a special needle.
Accountable Responsible Ex. Paramedics are accountable for maintaining up-to-date knowledge of resuscitation techniques.
Adhere To hold fast or stick together. Ex. The tape must adhere to the patient's skin to hold the bandage in place.
Adverse Undesired, possibly harmful. Ex. Vomiting is an adverse effect of many medications.
Affect Appearance of observable emotions. Ex. The nurse observed that a depressed patient exhibited no obvious emotion and reported that the patient had a flat affect.
Annual Occurring every year. Ex. The patient told the nurse that she had scheduled her annual mammogram, as she has been instructed.
Apply To place, put on, or spread something. Ex. The physical
Abrupt Sudden Ex. The nurse noticed an abrupt change in the patient's level of pain.
Abstain To voluntarily refrain from something. Ex. The dental hygienist instructed the patient to abstain from smoking to improve his breath odor.
Access A means to obtain entry or a means of approach. Ex. To administer medications into the patient's vein, the nurse must access the vein with a special needle.
Accountable Responsible Ex. Paramedics are accountable for maintaining up-to-date knowledge of resuscitation techniques.
Adhere To hold fast or stick together. Ex. The tape must adhere to the patient's skin to hold the bandage in place.
Adverse Undesired, possibly harmful. Ex. Vomiting is an adverse effect of many medications.
Affect Appearance of observable emotions. Ex. The nurse observed that a depressed patient exhibited no obvious emotion and reported that the patient had a flat affect.
Annual Occurring every year. Ex. The patient told the nurse that she had scheduled her annual mammogram, as she has been instructed.
Apply To place, put on, or spread something. Ex. The physical therapist will apply a medication to the wound before covering the wound with a bandage.
Audible Able to be heard. Ex. The respiratory therapist noticed that when the patient was having difficulty breathing, the therapist could hear an audible wheezing sound.
Bilateral Present on two sides. Ex. The unlicensed assistive personnel reported to the nurse that the patient had bilateral weakness in the legs when walking.
Cardiac Of or relating to the heart. Ex. Smoking increases the risk of cardiac disease.
Cast Hard protective device applied to protect a broken bone while the bone heals. Ex. The nurse instructed the child that he could not go swimming while the cast was on his broken arm.
Cavity An opening or an empty area. Ex. The nurse inspected the patient's oral cavity for lesions.
Cease Come to an end or bring to an end. Ex. Because the patient's breathing had ceased, the paramedic began resuscitation measures.
Compensatory When the patient's blood pressure decreased, the paramedic noted that the heart rate increased, which the paramedic recognized as a compensatory action.
Complication An undesired problem that is the result of some other event. Ex. The physician told the patient that loss of eyesight is a possible complication of eye surgery.
Comply Do as directed. Ex. The nurse asked the patient to comply with the instructions for taking the medication.
Concave Rounded inward. Ex. The dietitian noticed that the patient was very thin and the patient's abdomen appeared concave.
Concise Brief, to the point. Ex. When teaching a patient, the nurse tried to be concise, so the instructions would be easy to remember.
Consistency Degree of viscosity; how thick or thin a fluid is. Ex. The respiratory therapist noticed that the mucus the patient was coughing was of a thin, watery consistency.
Constrict To draw together or become smaller. Ex. The nurse knows that the small blood vessels of the skin will constrict when ice is applied to the skin.
Contingent Dependent. Ex. The hygienist told the patient that a healthy mouth is contingent on careful daily brushing and flossing.
Contour Shape or outline of a shape. Ex.While bathing an overweight patient, the unlicensed assistive personnel noticed that the contour of the patient's abdomen was quite rounded.
Contract To draw together, to reduce in size. Ex. The physical therapist exercises the patient's muscles so they contract and expand.
Contradiction A reason why something is not advisable or why it should not be done. Ex. The patient's excessive bleeding was a contradiction for discharge from the hospital.
Defecate
Created by: lminor95