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Assessment

Geriatrics

QuestionAnswer
Compare various assessment tools appropriate when assessing the elderly Braden scale, SLUMS, KATZ, SPICES, Hendricks Fall Risk, MNA (Mini Nutritional Assessment), VAMC (Mental status exam),
What are important factors to think about when assessing your patient Eye level, make sure they're aware of your presence, hearing aids and/or visual aids, speak slowly and clearly, speak in lower tones, don't cover mouth when talking, address by the name they wish to be called
List at least 3 common characteristics when assessing elderly patients Thin/discolored skin, decreased elasticity, decreased muscle tone, droopy breasts, cataracts, hearing/vision loss, hair loss/even distribution of hair, circulation
Describe delirium Acute state of confusion;pot. reversible; commonly caused as a result of: environmental factors:sensory deprivation/unfamiliar surroundings, or psychological factors such as emotional distress or pain, sleep deprivation could also cause delirium
Describe dementia Gradual progression; interferes with ADL, social, occupational; irreversible, cerebella disfunction; BIG SAFETY HAZARD
Describe 5 indicators of malnutrition Unplanned/unexpected weight loss, fatigue/lack of energy, frequent infection, delayed wound healing, poor concentration, difficulty keeping warm, depression
List 6 indicators of pain in the cognitively impaired facial expressions (frowning), verbalizations/vocalizations (moaning) , body movements (rigid, tense, fidgeting) change in interpersonal interactions (aggressive), changes in activity patterns (appetite/sleep), mental status change (crying, distress)
Created by: amandamarie194