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reading

terms and definitions

QuestionAnswer
alliteration the repetition of initial consonant sounds in words in a sentence. ex. bigger and better
antagonist principas character in oppositio to the protagonist. sometimes not a person but an obsticle such as a force of nature, society or inner conflict
antonym a word that is the oppisite of the other word
author's purpose why did the author write this selection
autobiography the story of a person's life written by the person
biography the story of a person's life written by another person
cause and effect cause statements stem for actions and events, and effects are what happen as a result of the event or action
characterization the method an author uses to communicate information about the characters to the reader
climax the moment when the action of the story comes to its highest point
compare and contrast compare means to show similarities and contrast means to show differences
conclusion the end of the reading selection
conflict struggle between opposing forces in literature
character vs. character a conflice between characters such as a family conflict trouble with a bully or difficulties in romance. this type of conflict is external
character vs. nature a conflict between a character and a force in nature such as a tornado, avalanche, exreme weather conditions or any type of natural disaster. this type is external
character vs. self internal conflict because the struggle takes place in a character's mind
connections text to self, world, or text. The reader can connect what they have read with something else
context clues information within the reading selection that helps the reader figure out the meanings of challening words
dialogue the actual words that the character speaks
evaluate to examine and judge
exposition the background information that the author provides about book
expository text text written to explain and convey info.
fable a narrative intended to convey a moral or lesson
fact vs. opinion is it something that can be proven true or not
falling action part of the story following the climax, decline in dramatic tension
fiction any story that is the product of imagination other than fact
figurative language language that cannot be taken literally since it is written for special effect
flashback when the author interrupts plot of story to recreate past
folktales stories passed through generations
foreshadowing gives you clues about the future
generalization when you make assumptions about different events and/or characters and apply them to new situations
genre categories of literature
graphic organizers a diagram that is used to represent info
homonym words that sound the same but mean different things ex. ant, aunt
hyperbole an extreme exageration
imagery words and phrases used to help the reader imagine senses
inference making an assumption by what you know and what the author says
irony a tone that is created when the speaker intends to mean the oppisite of what they say
judge to say if something is good or bad
limerick funny little poem
metaphor a comparison without using like or as
mood overall feeling of books
narrator speaker of the story
onomatpoeia words that mean sounds ex. boom, crash
oxymoron putting two contradictory words together ex. jumbo shrimp
paraphrase restate in your own words
personification giving a non-human object human qualities
plot the events that occur in the story begining with the setting ending - resolution
poetry writing that expresses ideas through rythmic patterns
point of view perspective from which the story is being told
third person point of view of the character ex. me, I
first person view of the reader ex. she, they
prediction making an educated guess about the future
prefix letters added to begining of word ex. pre
protagonist the good guy in the story
reaction/ react offer your own oppinion
resolution occurs at the end includes actions after climax
rising action builds to the climax
root word a word that suffixes and prefixes are added
sequential order order in which the events in the story is presented
setting where the story takes place
Created by: 2014wagemil