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Fluid & Electrolytes

Imbalances

QuestionAnswer
What are some causes of hypernatremia? Excessive sodium intake. Excessive hypertonic IV solutions. Inadequate water intake. Excessive water loss. Diabetes insipidus, hyperaldosteronism, Cushing syndrome, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.
What are some causes of hyponatremia? Excessive sodium loss. Inadequate sodium intake. Excessive water gain. Excessive hypotonic IV fluids. SIADH.
What are some causes of hyperkalemia? Excess potassium intake. Shift of potassium out of cells. Failure to eliminate potassium - renal disease, potassium sparing diuretics, adrenal insufficiency, ACE inhibitors, NSAIDS.
What are some causes of hypokalemia?
Created by: 63bcampbell