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ch.4

TermDefinition
superior above, in an up ward direction, toward the head
anterior (ventral) in front of or before, the front side of the body
posterior (dorsal) toward the back, back side of the body
cephalic pertaining to the head
medial nearest the midline or middle
lateral to the side, away from the middle
proximal nearest the point of attachment or near the beginning of a structure
distal away from the point of attachment or far from the beginning of a structure
anterior or ventral if the body was sliced down a coronal or frontal plane, the front would be referred as the
posterior or dorsal if the body was sliced down a coronal or frontal plane, the back would be referred to as the
superior, cranial, or cephalic if a transverse or horizontal plane were used, the area above the plane would be referred to as either
inferior or caudal if a transverse or horizontal plane were used, the area below the plane would be referred to as either
lateral areas farther from the medial or midsagittal plane are
medial areas closer to the medial or midsagittal plane are
distal when referring to point relative to where the arms & legs attach to the body, those farther away are
proximal when referring to point relative to where the arms & legs attach to the body, those closer are
anatomy the study of the structure of an organism
physiology the study of the function of an organism
pathophysiology the study of diseases and disorders
homeostasis the body & its system work together to maintain a constant state of balance in which all systems of the body work together & function cohesively
diseases & disorder form in the body when homeostasis is not maintained & an imbalance occurs, what happens
body temp, nutrient & waste concentrations, & salinity & acidity are examples of mechanisms that our bodies use to sustain life
dorsal cavity located along the back of the body & head, contains organs of the nervous system
ventral cavity located along the front of the body, contains the body organs that sustain homeostasis
Created by: lachnietj