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Chapter 18

Nurse Aide

Bony Prominences Areas of the body where the bone lies close to the skin
Bruise A purple, black, blue discoloration on the skin caused by leakage of blood
Closed Wound A type of wound in which the skins surface is not intact
Dermis The inner layer of the two main layers of tissue that make up the skin
Eczema Temporary/chronic skin disorder that results in redness, itching, burning
Epidermis The outer layer of the two main layers of skin
Dermatitis Inflammation of the skin
Gangrene Death of tissue caused by infection or lack of blood flow
Integument Natural protective covering
Lesion An area of abnormal tissue or an injury or wound
Melanin The pigment that gives skin its color
Necrosis The death of living cells or tissues caused by disease or injury
Open Wound A type of wound in which the skins surface is not intact
Pressure Points Areas of the body that bear much of its weight
Pressure Ulcer A serious wound resulting from skin break down
Psoriasis A chronic skin condition caused by skin cells growing too quickly
Scabies Contagious disease caused by mites burrowing into the skin that results in pimple like irritations
Shingles Viral infection caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox
Sitz Bath Warm soak of the berineal area
Tinea Fungal infection
Wart Contagious hard bump caused by a virus
Cellulitis A infection of the skin that occurs when bacteria moves deeper into the tissues
Papules Skin lesions are raised, little round bumps on the skin
Vesicles Small blisters that contain fluids
Pustules Raised spots filled with pus, such as acne or infected boils
Created by: hcps-jamesnc