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Integumentary System

Chapter 18

TermDefinition
Bony prominences areas of the body where the bone lies close to the skin
Bruise a purple, black, or blue discoloration on the skin caused by the leakage of blood from broken blood vessels into the surrounding tissues; also called a contusion
Closed wound a type of wound in which the skin's surface is not broken
Cellulitis inflammation of subcutaneous connective tissue
Dermis the inner layer of the two main layers of tissue that make up the skin
Eczema a temporary or chronic skin disorder that results in redness, cracking, weeping, and lesions; also called dermatitis
Dermatitis inflammation of the skin
Gangrene death of tissue caused by infection or lack of blood flow
Integument natural protective covering
Lesion an area of abnormal tissue or an injury or wound
Melanin the pigment that gives skin its color
Papules are skin lesions that are raised, little round bumps on the skin
Necrosis the death of living cells or tissues caused by disease or injury
Open wound a type of wound in which the skins surface is not intact
Pressure points areas of the body that bear much of its weight
Pressure ulcer a serious wound resulting from skin breakdown; also known as pressure sore, decubitus ulcer, or bed sore
Psoriasis a chronic skin condition caused by skin cells growing too quickly which results in red, white, or silver patches, itching and discomfort
Scabies a contagious skin infection caused by mites burrowing into the skin that results in pimple like irritations, rashes, intense itching and sores
Shingles a viral infection caused by the same virus that causes chicken pox; results in pain, itching, rashes, and possible fever and chills
Vesicles are small blisters that contain fluid
Sitz bath a warm soak of the perineal area to clean perineal wounds and reduce inflammation and wounds
Tinea a fungal infection that causes red, scaly patches to appear in a right shape, generally on the upper body, or the hands and feet.
Wart contagious hard bump caused by a virus
Pustules raised spots filled with pus, such as acne or infected boils
Created by: mhislop99