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Cells

QuestionAnswer
cell membrane controls the movement into and out of the cell
cytoplasm fluid that includes everything inside cell membrane and outside nucleus
rough ER membrane network with ribosomes attached location where proteins are made and transported to other parts of cell
nucleus organelle that holds the molecule that carries the code for making a protein
ribosomes site of protein synthesis
Golgi apparatus flattened disks used for repackaging of proteins lipids and carbs for export
mitochondria changes food energy into ATP
lysosomes contains hydrolytic enzymes involved in the digestion of food within the cell
centrioles involved in cell division in animal cells
vacuole fluid filled organelles enclosed by a membrane; contains stored food or wastes
nucleolus site of the production of ribosomes
nuclear envelope controls movement into and out of the nucleus
cell wall gives the cell it's shape and provides protection; not found in animal cells
cilia hairlike structures giving the cell the capacity for movement
flagella a long hairlike structure used for movement
cytoskeleton mesh like network of protein fibers
chloroplast site of photosynthesis
cell plate during cytokinesis new cell forms on both sides
chromosomes rod shaped bodies of Dna that carry genetic information
central vacuole holds water and supports plant cell from inside out
why are small cells survive better than large cells? has more surface area but has a small volume so it can absorb more nutrients
what trick can a large cell do to maintain a large surface area volume ratio? they have a folded membrane with arm like extensions and increases the Surface area
what do all eukaryote cells have that enable them to be efficient in exchange of materials inside the cell? have many folded membrane organelles that increase the surface area for exchange
cell theory all living things are made up of cells. cells are basic structure and function in living things. all cells come from other things
schleiden discovered plant
schwann discovered animal
virchow concluded all cells come from other cells
hooke first to use word cell
Created by: edenbreslauer