Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Digestive System

nutrient a substance that can be used by the body to give materials for energy and for cell growth and repair
primary organ organs that break down food as food passes through them, comes into contact with the food
secondary organ pancreas,liver, gallbladder- secretes digestive juices,food does not travel through
mouth begins to break down food into smaller pieces mechanically by chewing and chemically begins digesting carbohydrates
esophagus the tube that carries food from mouth to stoamch
stomach continues the process of mechanical digestion, and secretes gastric juices that continue the process of chemical digestion started in the mouth
small intestines the organ where most of the chemical digestion of food takes place; nutrients from food are also absorbed into the bloodstream through this organ
large intestine the organ where water from the undigested food is absorbed into the bloodstream; prepares the remaining undigested food for elimination from the body
rectum a short tube that stores the solid waste until it is eliminated from the body
anus opening where the solid waste is eliminated from the body
liver produces bile, which is used by the body to break up fat, and it filters toxins from blood (secondary organ)
gallbladder stores bile produced by the liver (secondary organ)
pancreas produces digestive juices that help to further breakdown the food in the small intestine (secondary organ)
Mechanical digestion the physical breakdown of food by teeth or muscle action.
Chemical digestion the breakdown of food by body chemicals(enzymes, acids)
Enzyme a type of protein that speeds up chemical reactions in the body
6 classes of nutrients proteins,carbohydrates,fats,vitamins,minerals,water
carbohydrate sugar and starch, main source of energy
protein needed to make new cells and repair damaged cells
fats needed to make cell membrane and to insulate the body and protect internal organs
sugars found in candy jelly, table sugar fruits
starch found in bread, potatoes, pasta, cereals
proteins found in meat,eggs cheese, dried beans
organs food passes through in order mouth,esophagus,stomach,small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus.
small intestine longer than large intestine but smaller in diameter.
pancreas produces insulin. If the pancreas is not working right, you may develop diabetes
Created by: science7th
Popular Science sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards