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Learning Set 2

Good Friends and Germs

symptoms an indication in your body that you have a disease
gastrointestinal related to the stomach and intestines
diarrhea frequent and watery bowel movements
infection the growth of germs in your body
parasite organism that lives and feeds either inside of or attached to another organism and does harm to that organism
sanitation the disposal of sewage and waste.
hygiene things people do to stay healthy
dehydration a condition in which the body does not have enough fluid to function properly
stool the solid waste that is produced by the body
antibiotic a type of medicine that kills germs or prevents them from growing
cell the structural and functional unit of all living organisms. (What a living thing is made of and what makes it work.)
magnifies makes something look larger, but does not actually enlarge the physical size of the object
cell theory a theory about the relationship between cells and living things
organelle a specialized structure in a cell
nucleus the control center of the cell
chromosomes contain the genetic material of the cell
genetic material contains the information that determines the traits of an organism; hereditary material
cell membrane surrounds the cell; controls the movement of materials into and out of the cell
cytoplasm the watery fluid that contains the organelles of the cell
mitochondrion provides the cell with energy
cell respiration the process by which food and oxygen are converted to energy, carbon dioxide, and water.
vacuole a storage area for food and water
chloroplast organelle that contains the green pigment chlorophyll used in photosynthesis
chlorophyll a green pigment
photosynthesis the process by which plants make sugar and oxygen using light, water, and carbon dioxide
cell wall protects and supports the plant cell
compound light microscope a microscope that has more than one lens and uses light transmitted to your eye to form an image
field of view the circle of light you see when you look through a microscope
diameter the length of the line through the middle of a circle from one side to the other
ratio a comparison of two numbers
bacteria the most common form of one-celled organisms
host an organism that harbors (provides food and a place to stay) for another organism, such as a virus
microbe an organism that can be seen only through a microscope
infectious agent something that can get inside your body, multiply, and cause disease
droplet transmission a way that an infectious disease can be transmitted. Droplets containing an infectious agent are released into the air when an infected person sneezes, coughs, talks, or exhales.
Created by: Rosiebigfoot